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Tribal Probation Personnel - Turning Principles into Practice


1. Tribal probation officers serve a dual purpose; they are responsible for assuring adherence to the others of the court while also promoting behavior change in individuals placed under their supervision in order to increase the likelihood of compliance and reducing recidivism.

A. True

B. False

Risk Principle

2. The Risk Principle states that the level of supervision and services provided to a defendant or probationer should match that individual’s risk of re-offending.

A. True

B. False

3. Intensive interventions and supervision include which of the following?

A. Electronic home monitoring.

B. Frequent urinalysis.

C. Intensive counseling interventions and frequent office and field contacts.

D. All of the above.

4. There is evidence to suggest that subjecting individuals who are determined to be low risk to highly structured and intensive services can actually result in increasing their chances of reoffending.

A. True

B. False

Need Principle

5. All of the following dynamic variables have been shown to have the strongest correlation to recidivism risk, except for:

A. Anti-social behavior

B. Drugs and/or alcohol abuse

C. Anti-social personality

D. Anti-social peers

6. If there are co-occurring issues, treatment referrals should be made for all issues to be addressed concurrently.

A. True

B. False

Responsivity Principle

7. The Responsivity Principle centers on which of the following?

A. Who to focus time and resources on.

B. What interventions and services should be provided.

C. How to choose services and interventions.

D. All of the above.

8. Research suggests that the working relationship between the officer and the individual on supervision actually accounts for ____% of the likelihood of a successful outcome of probation.

A. 30

B. 40

C. 50

D. 60

9. Individual therapy over group therapy is shown to be more effective with sex offenders, primarily due to the manipulative nature of these types of offenders.

A. True

B. False

10. To be responsive to the Dosage Principle, which of the following should attention be paid to?

A. Be informed about the curriculum, intensity, specific services, and interventions of the program being referred.

B. Conduct a site visit to the program and become familiar with the program’s culture and staff.

C. Make certain the intensity and length of the program matches the probationer’s level of risk and needs prior to making the referral.

D. All of the above.

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