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Treating Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury

1. A health care professional has questions regarding TBIs. Which of the following informational points of interest should be communicated to the health care professional?

A. Strokes lead to TBIs.

B. TBIs are often caused by hypoxia.

C. The “fingerprint” of TBI is that the rear of the brain is most likely to be injured, regardless of the point of impact to the head.

D. The “fingerprint” of TBI is that frontal areas of the brain, including the frontal lobes, are the most likely to be injured, regardless of the point of impact to the head.


2. A 24-year-old patient has questions regarding TBIs. Which of the following educational points should be expressed to the patient?

A. Mild TBI includes both being dazed or confused as well as losing consciousness for up to 30 minutes.

B. Mild TBI includes both being dazed or confused as well as losing consciousness for up to 60 minutes.

C. Moderate severity TBIs range from 120 minutes to 24 hours of lost consciousness.

D. Moderate severity TBIs range from 24 hours to 48 hours of lost consciousness.


3. A 32-year-old patient is struck in the head. Due to the strike in the head, the patient loses consciousness for 28 hours. Which of the following statements about the aforementioned patient is most accurate?

A. The patient suffered from a severe TBI.

B. Due to the patient's age, the patient's TBI may be categorized as mild to severe.

C. The patient did not suffer from a severe TBI because the patient only lost consciousness for 28 hours.

D. The patient did not suffer from a severe TBI because the patient is not in a coma.


4. Which of the following best represents a factor that may increase the likelihood of lasting effects from a TBI?

A. Under the age of 25 at the time of the TBI

B. Over the age of 25 at the time of the TBI

C. Suffering from hypertension at the time of the TBI

D. Repeated blows to the head/having a subsequent TBI while still healing from a previous TBI


5. Which of the following best represents an immediate effect of a TBI?

A. Glossitis

B. Mood changes

C. Hyperphagia

D. Epistaxis


6. Which of the following statements is most accurate?

A. TBIs do not affect self-awareness.

B. TBIs may impact mental flexibility.

C. TBIs decrease impulsivity in female individuals over the age of 18 at the time of the TBI.

D. TBIs decrease impulsivity in male individuals over the age of 18 at the time of the TBI.


7. Which of the following best represents a strategy that health care professionals should use while caring for patients suffering from TBI?

A. Avoid talking about what caused the TBI.

B. Avoid talking about TBI-related trauma.

C. Create a treatment approach that focuses on medications.

D. Create formal and/or informal supports available during and after treatment completion.


8. A health care professional is developing an educational lecture focused on TBIs. Which of the following informational points of interest should be included in the health care professional's lecture?

A. One moderate or severe TBI anytime in life may have lasting effects.

B. Lasting effects of TBIs only occur after the third TBI.

C. Typically, male individuals suffering from a TBI do not experience effects lasting more than six weeks.

D. Typically, female individuals suffering from a TBI do not experience effects lasting more than six weeks.


9. Which of the following best represents a common health problem among individuals with TBI?

A. Extreme weight gain

B. Enuresis

C. Sleep disturbance

D. Hyperhidrosis


10. A health care professional is treating a 48-year-old patient with a history of TBI. What should the health care professional consider while treating the aforementioned patient?

A. The patient should not be treated for any reason with fluoroquinolones.

B. The patient should avoid physical activity that lasts longer than 15 minutes.

C. A medication based approach should be used to treat all co-morbid medical conditions, while avoiding non-pharmacological approaches.

D. A holistic approach to a patient’s medical presentation and, particularly, pharmacologic requirements may be essential.


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