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Quantum Units Education

Supporting Service Providers in Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (Updated)

Chapter 1: Strengthening Individuals, Families, and Communities

1. Research has found that successful interventions must _____ to ensure child and family well-being.

A. Reduce risk factors

B. Promote protective factors

C. Both reduce risk factors and promote protective factors

D. Risk and protective factors are not the focus of successful interventions


2. Caregiver protective capacities are defined as:

A. Characteristics of individuals, families, communities, or the larger society that promote well-being.

B. Specific, individual attributes that are directly related to child safety.

C. Approaches used by various agencies, programs, and practitioners to prevent child abuse and neglect and promote child well-being.

D. Positive social connections, resilience, and social-emotional competencies.


3. All of the following are among the ten protective factors with the strongest evidence for the Administration on Children, Youth and Families populations, except for:

A. Two-parent households

B. Caring adults

C. Problem-solving skills

D. Economic opportunities


4. Implementing a protective factors approach can be accomplished solely with changes to individual practice.

A. True

B. False


5. Parent and community cafés provide an opportunity to build relationships among parents over time and to engage them in thinking in a deeper and ongoing way about a particular issue.

A. True

B. False


Chapter 2: Working With Families Using the Protective Factors

6. A lack of contact or interaction with a caregiver can change the infant’s body chemistry, resulting in a reduction in the growth hormones essential for brain and heart development.

A. True

B. False


7. Cultural differences should not play a role in how parents and children show affection.

A. True

B. False


8. Families who participated in Nurturing Parenting and completed the Adult-Adolescent Parenting Inventory, showed that parents demonstrated improvements in:

A. Resilience

B. Problem-solving

C. Knowledge on child development

D. Empathy


9. Observing other caregivers who use positive techniques for managing children’s behavior provides an opportunity for parents to learn healthy alternatives.

A. True

B. False


10. Parents with more education:

A. Have increased resilience by qualifying for higher-paying jobs.

B. Are more likely to engage in healthy behaviors and lifestyles for themselves and their children.

C. Parents with more education have increased resilience by qualifying for higher-paying jobs and are more likely to engage in healthy behaviors and lifestyles for themselves and their children.

D. Education level does not have an association to resilience or lifestyle habits.


11. Research has shown that parents who are isolated and have few social connections are at higher risk for child abuse and neglect.

A. True

B. False


12. When children do not or cannot respond positively to their parents’ nurturing and affection:

A. They may be at greater risk for abuse.

B. Parenting is more challenging.

C. When children do not or cannot respond positively to their parents’ nurturing and affection, parenting is more challenging and the children may be at greater risk for abuse.

D. As long as the parents are nurturing and affectionate with their children, the children will respond in a positive manner.


13. An independent evaluator found statistically significant increases in all of the following outcomes for those who participated in the North Carolina Division of Social Services Incredible Years program, except for:

A. School performance

B. Appropriate discipline

C. Positive parenting

D. Clear expectations


14. Parents may feel more comfortable voicing concerns and exploring solutions when providers ask questions that:

A. Focus on the parents’ own hopes and goals for their children.

B. Help parents identify and build on their current strengths.

C. Model nurturing behavior by acknowledging frustrations and recognizing the parents’ efforts.

D. Parents may feel more comfortable voicing concerns and exploring solutions when providers ask questions that focus on the parents’ own hopes and goals for their children, help parents identify and build on their current strengths, and model nurturing behavior by acknowledging frustrations and recognizing the parents’ efforts.


Chapter 3: Using Protective Factors as a Framework for Your Community Partnership

15. Which of the following is an important first step in building families’ comfort with pursuing services?

A. Setting up formal referral systems to direct parents to legal service providers within the community.

B. Offering to provide onsite services to children and families.

C. Creating support groups among parents currently or previously involved with the court system.

D. Offering to speak at a parent-teacher organization meeting.


16. All child-serving agencies in the community should:

A. Have an understanding of the disease of addiction.

B. View relapse and recovery as long-term disease management issues.

C. All child-serving agencies in the community should have an understanding of the disease of addiction and view relapse and recovery as long-term disease management issues.

D. Child-serving agencies should not be expected to understand addiction or disease management.


17. All of the following are goals of social media, except for:

A. Engage in dialogue or get feedback.

B. Tell your story in more detail.

C. Reach a targeted, specific group.

D. Send out brief alerts that prompt stakeholders to take immediate action.


Chapter 4: Protecting Children

18. Child abuse often takes place outside of the home by someone the child doesn’t know.

A. True

B. False


19. All of the following are the most common risk factors of child abuse and neglect, except for:

A. Young parents

B. The effects of substance use

C. Parents’ own experiences of childhood trauma

D. Parents not finishing high school


20. Evidence shows that the great majority of families who experience circumstances involving common risk factors of child abuse and neglect will go on to abuse and/or neglect their children.

A. True

B. False


21. Traumatic events may impair a child’s:

A. Ability to trust others.

B. Sense of personal safety.

C. Effectiveness in navigating life changes.

D. Traumatic events may impair a child’s ability to trust others, their sense of personal safety, and their effectiveness in navigating life changes.


22. The trauma of child abuse or neglect has been associated with increased risk of all of the following, except for:

A. Eating disorders

B. Depression and suicide attempts

C. Substance use

D. Teen pregnancy


23. Extremes in behavior, ranging from overly aggressive to overly passive, is a symptom of which type of maltreatment?

A. Neglect

B. Emotional abuse

C. Physical abuse

D. Sexual abuse


24. Adverse Childhood Experiences include:

A. All types of abuse and neglect

B. Parental mental illness

C. Divorce

D. Adverse Childhood Experiences include all types of abuse and neglect, parental mental illness, substance use, divorce, incarceration, and domestic violence


25. The more ACEs experienced, the greater the risk for negative outcomes in adulthood.

A. True

B. False


26. A child under age 18 engaged in commercial sex is a victim of sex trafficking only if the youth’s participation is forced or coerced.

A. True

B. False


27. Trafficked youth may not see themselves as victims and may appear hostile, angry, or protective of their traffickers.

A. True

B. False


Chapter 5: Tip Sheets for Parents and Caregivers

28. Healthy food is very important for children’s growth and well-being.  This is especially true during the first:

A. Year

B. 3 years

C. 5 years

D. 12 years


29. A family is said to have “financial stability” if they have:

A. The ability to pay bills on time.

B. No debt.

C. A 6 to 12 month emergency fund to protect against loss of income.

D. A family is said to have “financial stability” if they have the ability to pay bills on time, have no debt, and have a 6 to 12 month emergency fund.


30. The best way for a father to let his children know that he loves them is by:

A. Showing affection every day.

B. Respecting the children’s mother.

C. Being a role model.

D. Disciplining with love.


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