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Sibling Issues in Foster Care and Adoption

1. In child welfare, the term “fictive kin” has been introduced to recognize types of relationships in a child’s life where there is no legal or biological tie, but a strong, enduring bond exists.

A. True

B. False

2. Which of the following statements gives an example of the importance of siblings?

A. Siblings form a child’s first peer group.

B. Children learn social skills, particularly in sharing and managing conflict, from negotiating with brothers and sisters.

C. Sibling relationships can provide a significant source of continuity throughout a child’s lifetime and are likely to be the longest relationships that most people experience.

D. All of the above.

3. Research has demonstrated that warmth in sibling relationships is associated with all of the following, except for:

A. Less loneliness

B. Higher academic success

C. Fewer behavior problems

D. Higher self-worth

4. When children need help, they first seek out an older sibling for support, even before they go to their mother or father.

A. True

B. False

5. Some studies have found that the ties between siblings become closer as a result of helping each other through adversity.

A. True

B. False

6. A Texas study of adult foster alumni found that those who had greater access to their siblings and reported stronger relationships with them during childhood had all of the following when compared to those who did not, except for:

A. Lower levels of depression and anxiety disorders

B. Higher levels of social support

C. Higher levels of self-esteem

D. Higher levels of income

7. Joint sibling placements can increase the likelihood of achieving permanency, and several studies have found that placing siblings in the same foster home is associated with a significantly higher rate of family reunification.

A. True

B. False

8. Which of the following statements is true regarding the agency’s role in placing siblings?

A. Placing siblings in the same home can streamline some processes such as visits by caseworkers.

B. Caseworkers care relieved of the obligation to arrange and carry out visits among siblings if they are already living together.

C. Communication between birth and foster families is made more manageable when there is only one foster family involved.

D. All of the above.

9. Caseworkers face more challenges for sibling placement under all of the following circumstances, except for:

A. When the sibling group is large.

B. When the siblings enter care at very different times.

C. When the siblings have large differences between their ages.

D. When individual siblings have extraordinary needs.

10. Which of the following is not one of the factors included in the assessment tool for making decisions regarding the placement of siblings, developed by Groza, Maschmeier, Jamison, and Piccola?

A. The children’s preferences.

B. Preferences of the biological parents.

C. The degree, duration, quality, and intensity of the sibling relationships.

D. Safety risks associated with placement.

11. In evaluating the quality of sibling relationships, the caseworker will want to look for all of the following, except:

A. Warmth or affection between siblings.

B. Rivalry and hostility.

C. Difference in age.

D. How much time the siblings spend together.

12. All siblings should be assigned to the same caseworker, no matter when they enter care.

A. True

B. False

13. If siblings must be separated in an emergency placement, a review for reunification should be provided within the first month of separation.

A. True

B. False

14. Which of the following are difficulties reported by birth children that share their home with foster children?

A. Competing for parents’ time and attention.

B. Loss of family closeness.

C. Different expectations or discipline between birth and foster children.

D. All of the above.

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