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Sexual Assault in the Military

Executive Summary

1. The issue of sex discrimination involves female Service members, who represent 14% of the military population, but are disproportionately likely to be victims at a rate _____ times that of their male counterparts.

A. 3

B. 5

C. 8

D. 12


Chapter 1: Introduction and Scope of the Problem

2. According to the U.S. Department of Justice, rape has the highest annual victim cost of any non-fatal crime.

A. True

B. False


3. The Commission received testimony that which age group is at maximum risk for sexual assault?

A. 18 - 24 years old

B. 25 - 30 years old

C. 31 - 35 years old

D. 36 - 40 years old


4. The military environment fosters an expectation of group cohesion and loyalty, and as a result, these expectations and cultural norms can hamper the ability of military personnel to transfer out of their unit if they are feeling harassed or if they have been victims of assault.

A. True

B. False


Chapter 2: Military Efforts to Prevent Sexual Assault

5. Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Martin Dempsey, stated that which of the following created a two-tiered military culture that fostered tolerance of sexual harassment and sexual assault?

A. The cultural problem which has allowed demeaning behavior and attitudes towards women to exist.

B. The ban on women in combat.

C. The way the Military Services addresses sexual assault.

D. All of the above.


6. Just because sexual harassment is more common in an environment, does not mean that sexual assault is also more common there.

A. True

B. False


7. Bystander intervention training is based on the understanding that most sexual assaults occur between people who know each other, and that behavior leading to a sexual assault usually begins in a social setting.

A. True

B. False


8. The goal of the bystander intervention training is to:

A. Educate the military community about the reality of sexual violence.

B. Identify the times and places where sexual assaults are occurring.

C. Equip members of the community with the skills they need to intervene in high-risk situations.

D. All of the above.


9. The military recognizes that commanders set the climate in their units and should be held accountable if they allow environments that foster sexual harassment or sexual assault.

A. True

B. False


10. It has been argued that sexual harassment and sexual assault would decrease if there were more women in key leadership positions.

A. True

B. False


Chapter 3: Military Response to Victims

11. The Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Office mission is which of the following?

A. Policy and data collection.

B. Provide services to victims.

C. Hold offenders accountable.

D. All of the above.


12. Restricted reporting:

A. Allows victims to obtain an expedited transfer without identifying the accused.

B. Allows victims to obtain a protective order.

C. Allows Service members, and their dependents 18 years of age and older who are victims of sexual assault, to access medical and mental healthcare through the military.

D. All of the above.


13. Which of the following are authorized to receive restricted reports?

A. Healthcare providers

B. Victim Advocates

C. SARCs

D. All of the above


14. Victims are eligible for legal assistance if they file unrestricted reports, but not if they file restricted reports.

A. True

B. False


15. If a victim tells which of the following about the assault s/he loses the restricted reporting option?

A. A roommate

B. A family member

C. An officer or non-commissioned officer in his or her chain of command

D. All of the above


16. If a commander or law enforcement officer learns of a sexual assault, independent of a victim’s restricted report, DoD policy mandates an investigation be initiated.

A. True

B. False


17. Military protective orders are enforceable:

A. On military installations

B. By civilian courts

C. By law enforcement

D. All of the above


18. SARCs and Victim Advocates are responsible for:

A. Connecting victims with appropriate resources and services.

B. Assisting victims with the reporting process.

C. Addressing concerns of physical safety and retaliation.

D. All of the above.


19. Because Victim Advocates are not “advocates” in the manner of an attorney, they can be compelled in court-martial proceedings to disclose communications with a victim.

A. True

B. False


20. Prosecutors and investigators in Special Victims Capabilities may have specialized training, but their priorities and interests may not align with those of victims.

A. True

B. False


21. Under which situations must Service members disclose whether they have received psychological counseling?

A. When applying for updated security clearances.

B. When seeking re-enlistment.

C. When seeking a promotion.

D. All of the above.


Chapter 4: Consequences of Reporting

22. The Service’s Board for the Correction of Military Records are staffed by which of the following?

A. Judges and/or attorneys.

B. Civilian DoD employees who convene on an ad hoc basis in addition to other full-time duties.

C. Those that have undergone extensive or specialized training in military law.

D. Those that are bound by the judicial doctrine of precedent.


23. Which of the following qualifies for a service-related medical discharge and entitles a veteran to disability benefits and access to ongoing healthcare?

A. An adjustment disorder

B. A personality disorder

C. Post-traumatic stress disorder

D. All of the above


24. The fact that a Service member experienced a sexual assault means that the Service member automatically meets the threshold criteria for a command-directed mental health evaluation.

A. True

B. False


25. Victims of sexual assault perpetrated by a Service member have no recourse against the U.S. government in civil proceedings.

A. True

B. False


26. Veterans Health Administration facilities are required to screen all patients for military-related sexual trauma.

A. True

B. False


27. New legislation now requires evidence of sexual assault to be maintained for:

A. 50 years

B. 20 years

C. 10 years

D. 1 year


Chapter 5: Investigations - Training and Procedures

28. It is DoD policy that all sexual assaults reported to an MCIO be investigated and that approval from the victim’s commander, but not the accused’s commander, is necessary.

A. True

B. False


29. In the military justice system, the decision of whether to proceed to trial rests in the accused’s chain of command.

A. True

B. False


Chapter 6: Discipline and Commander Discretion

30. Which of the following, decided by the accused’s commander, includes corrective measures such as admonition or reprimand?

A. Taking no action

B. Taking administrative action

C. Imposing a nonjudicial punishment

D. Referring the case to court-martial


31. Which type of court-martial is available only to resolve charges against enlisted Service members?

A. Summary court-martial

B. Special court-martial

C. General court-martial

D. None of the above


32. The commander retains full discretion in deciding whether to refer the case to trial, regardless of the investigating officer’s recommendation.

A. True

B. False


33. The accused’s commander may for any reason or no reason disapprove the legal sentence in whole or in part, mitigate the sentence, and change a punishment to one of a different nature as long as the severity of the punishment is not increased.

A. True

B. False


34. A court-martial conviction for a sex offense will 100% of the time result in a discharge under Other Than Honorable Conditions.

A. True

B. False


35. A commander with disposition or convening authority has the power to:

A. Conduct direct investigations before the case is referred to court-marital.

B. Grant witnesses immunity.

C. Negotiate and approve pretrial agreements.

D. All of the above.


36. The Manual for Courts-Martial establishes the minimum and maximum penalty for each offense in the UCMJ.

A. True

B. False


37. Retired Army psychiatrist, Brigadier General Lorree Sutton, believes that more than a decade of war has led military leaders to value ____ above all other characteristics, and that this has created a situation where commanders tend to overlook or tolerate sexually-abusive conduct among subordinates.

A. Promotion potential

B. Performance evaluations

C. Achievement in combat

D. A strong group cohesion and loyalty to the military unit


38. The Defense Task Force recommends that commanders communicate the outcomes of sexual assault reports to members of their command in order to:

A. Control rumors

B. Clarify misperceptions

C. Reinforce the commander’s zero tolerance stance

D. All of the above


39. Attorneys who represent the accused in military sexual assault cases believe that which of the following is diminishing their clients’ ability to mount an adequate defense and causing over-prosecution?

A. Political pressure

B. Unlawful command influence

C. Both (A) and (B)

D. None of the above


40. Which of the following is a reason one might make a false accusation of sexual assault?

A. The desire to obtain an expedited transfer

B. The hope of delaying punishment for misconduct

C. Revenge

D. All of the above


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