Instructions: Print this exam worksheet. Return to the course page using the link below. Read the course material. Enter your answers on this worksheet. Return to the course page and click the link 'Take Test.' Transfer your answers.

https://www.quantumunitsed.com/go/529

Quantum Units Education®

Sex Trafficking: A Gender Based Civil Rights Violation

Background

1. The U.S. government considers trafficking in persons to include all of the criminal conduct involved in forced labor and sex trafficking.

A. True

B. False


2. Under the TVPA, trafficking in persons requires actual movement of the victim.

A. True

B. False


3. Sex trafficking occurs when a victims is all of the following, except:

A. Coerced into prostitution.

B. Tempted into prostitution.

C. Forced into prostitution.

D. Deceived into prostitution.


Summary of Proceedings

4. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services is required by the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 to:

A. Provide certification of foreign victims of trafficking, so that trafficking victims are afforded the same benefits and services as are refugees, under any federal and state program.

B. Establish and carry out programs to increase public awareness of the dangers of trafficking and the protections that are available for victims of trafficking.

C. Train appropriate agency personnel in identifying victims of severe forms of trafficking and providing training for the protection of such victims.

D. All of the above.


5. The most important role of the Office of Refugee Resettlement is:

A. To increase public awareness of the dangers of trafficking.

B. Training appropriate agency personnel in identifying victims.

C. The certification of trafficking victims.

D. All of the above.


6. The benefits and services available to foreign victims of trafficking are not as accommodating or helpful as those available to refugees who arrive with the hope of finding employment, education, and a new life in America.

A. True

B. False


7. Typically, if the sex trafficking victim is not recovered, within a few years she will have been trafficked and prostituted into different cities.

A. True

B. False


8. By the time a victim is age 18, or in some states age 16, they would likely have been arrested for prostitution because many law enforcement officers do not recognize that they are a victim of human trafficking and not a criminal.

A. True

B. False


9. Epidemiologists have concluded that the average age of death of persons used in commercial sex is:

A. 18

B. 26

C. 34

D. 42


10. Sex trafficking victims are targeted based on:

A. Gender

B. Age

C. Race / ethnicity

D. Appearance


11. Whether foreign or domestic, all victims are targeted for:

A. Capitalization

B. Exploitation

C. Oppression

D. Subjection


12. To lure victims, traffickers offer which of the following:

A. Alleged job opportunities

B. Romance / relationships

C. Schooling

D. All of the above


13. Once foreign victims are brought to the U.S., they become dependent on the trafficker because they are here illegally and are unaware of the laws that can provide them protection.

A. True

B. False


14. All of the following are true with regard to sex trafficking within the United States, except for:

A. Trafficking victims are often runaways who come from either abusive or dysfunctional homes.

B. Eighty-three percent of sex trafficking victims in the U.S. are non-citizens.

C. The average age at which they are first used in commercial sex is between 12 and 14.

D. All of the above are true.


15. There is little risk involved in transporting victims from city to city and if someone does get arrested, usually it is the prostitutes and not others involved in the criminal enterprise who go to jail.

A. True

B. False


16. Any minor induced to perform a commercial sex act is a victim of trafficking under federal law.

A. True

B. False


17. Which of the following is defined as the threat or actual imposition of physical restraint or physical harm, either to the individual or to someone connected with the individual?

A. Force

B. Fraud

C. Coercion

D. All of the above


18. The goals of a prosecution are often the same as those of the victim.

A. True

B. False


19. The U.S. Department of Justice reports have identified which of the following as two of the major human trafficking cities?

A. Los Angeles and New York City

B. San Francisco and San Diego

C. El Paso and Houston

D. Miami and Las Vegas


20. Trafficking victims are found on the streets and they do not stay in cities very long, especially when law enforcement efforts are beefed up.

A. True

B. False


21. Which of the following drives the violence that is behind the sex trafficking industry?

A. Demanding nightly quotas that victims are expected to meet.

B. Traffickers train victims to be thieves so they cannot turn on the traffickers.

C. Victims try to escape or seek help.

D. Gang affiliation being a huge component of sex trafficking.


22. Which of the following do law enforcement use to identify the possibility of trafficking?

A. Branding

B. Tattooing

C. Names

D. All of the above


23. Las Vegas is a prime area for commercial sex because Las Vegas is one of the jurisdictions that has legalized it.

A. True

B. False


24. Decriminalizing prostitution would do all of the following, except:

A. Take some of the profit motive away.

B. May reduce violence.

C. Would reduce the incidence of prostitution.

D. All of the above would take place if prostitution was decriminalized.


25. Which of the following apply to the counties in Nevada that have legalized prostitution?

A. Pimps are still involved.

B. Women go to work for 25 days a month and they go home for five days.

C. Violence still exists.

D. All of the above apply.


26. Until other options are available, the only choices that law enforcement have for placement of victims are jail or the streets.

A. True

B. False


27. In order to successfully prosecute a pimp, it is absolutely necessary for a victim to testify against his or her trafficker.

A. True

B. False


28. Victims are reluctant to testify because they do not receive the necessary resources, help, or services that would allow them to feel comfortable doing so.

A. True

B. False


29. Anti-slavery laws are not successful in prosecuting panderers.

A. True

B. False


30. The Bureau of Justice Statistics indicate that _____% of sex trafficking victims that they have encountered are women.

A. 100

B. 94

C. 80

D. 72


31. From an international human rights perspective, sex trafficking is a form of slavery and involuntary servitude, resulting in human rights violations.

A. True

B. False


32. According to the United Nations, people are reported to be trafficked:

A. From 127 countries into 137 other countries.

B. From 80 countries into 32 other countries.

C. From 47 countries into 106 other countries.

D. From 59 countries into 84 other countries.


33. The FBI estimates that the average entry into the commercial sexual exploitation industry is 14 years of age.

A. True

B. False


34. Childhood sexual victimization is linked very closely with vulnerability to being trafficked.

A. True

B. False


35. Which of the following is not one of the trends within the domestic minor trafficking population?

A. Sexual abuse at an early age.

B. Use of drugs and/or alcohol at an early age.

C. Exposure to the juvenile justice system.

D. Exposure to the foster care system.


36. All of the following are at particularly high risk for becoming victims of trafficking, except for:

A. Youth who are of a racial minority.

B. Youth who are runaways.

C. Youth who experience high poverty rates or domestic violence.

D. Youth who possess poor academic skills.


37. Which of the following have been found to be traffickers?

A. Parents

B. Other family members

C. Sexual predators reaching out to girls on the internet

D. All of the above


38. The absence of due diligence on the part of the U.S. Department of State and the Organizations to which they provide funding to help Filipina hostesses and the false claims of their sex trafficking violated their civil rights by:

A. Eliminating the hostesses’ jobs, forcing their return to a life of abject poverty in the Philippines.

B. Making false claims of their trafficking.

C. Leaving them more vulnerable to what is labeled as severe forms of trafficking.

D. All of the above.


39. A great deal of the general knowledge about human trafficking or sex trafficking is based mostly on speculation.

A. True

B. False


40. Prostitution exists if an adult voluntarily engages in a commercial sex act, even if there is some force, fraud, or coercion that takes place.

A. True

B. False


41. Adults involved in trafficking do not feel exploited and think what they are doing is their choice, even though they have been beaten and raped.

A. True

B. False


Findings and Recommendations

42. The Federal Bureau of Investigation lists trafficking as a major crime category.

A. True

B. False


43. The biggest challenge to combatting sex trafficking is:

A. The high rate of poverty

B. The internet

C. The foster care system

D. The detaining and jailing of victims


44. Trafficking victims are considered trauma victims.

A. True

B. False


45. Based on the 50,000 calls received on the National Human Trafficking Resources Center Hotline since December 2007, all of the following are identified as the top needs, except for:

A. Medical care

B. Housing

C. Legal services

D. Comprehensive case management


Commissioners’ Statements and Rebuttals

46. Gang affiliation is a major component of sex trafficking.

A. True

B. False


47. Which of the following is a factor that drives the viability of sex trafficking enterprises in the U.S.?

A. The high rewards of success.

B. The ease with which the business ventures can be moved to capitalize upon shifting demands.

C. Both (A) and (B).

D. None of the above.


48. Which of the following has come to be regarded as a magnet for sex traffickers and their victims and customers?

A. The National Basketball Association’s finals

B. The National Football League’s annual Super Bowl

C. The Federation Internationale de Football Association’s World Cup

D. The National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing’s Daytona 500


49. Large public events will attract criminal offenders, including sex traffickers, in large numbers.

A. True

B. False


50. A situation which demonstrates the portability of trafficked sex workers occurs when an area undergoes rapid increases in population and economic well-being.

A. True

B. False


51. Which of the following experience a disproportionate rate of homelessness and of family rejection which underlie their disproportionate risk of becoming sex-trafficked?

A. LGBT youth

B. Youth in foster care

C. Youth from extreme poverty

D. Youth involved with the juvenile justice system


Panelists’ Written Statements

52. HHS is required and/or authorized by the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000, as amended, to conduct which of the following activities?

A. Participate in the President’s Interagency Task Force to Monitor and Combat Trafficking and the Senior Policy Operating Group.

B. Consult and cooperate with the Department of Justice when it conducts a biennial conference addressing trafficking in persons and commercial sex acts that occur in the United States.

C. Provide services to assist potential victims of trafficking in achieving certification and to assist minor dependent children of victims of severe forms of trafficking in persons or potential victims of trafficking.

D. All of the above.


53. The most important role that HHS has is:

A. Provide certification of adult foreign victims of trafficking and determine the eligibility of child foreign victims, making them eligible for benefits and services under any Federal or State program to the same extent as an alien admitted to the United States as a refugee.

B. Establish and carry out programs to increase public awareness of the dangers of trafficking and the protections that are available for victims of trafficking.

C. Train appropriate HHS personnel in identifying victims of severe forms of trafficking and providing for the protection of such victims and provide training to State and local officials to improve the identification and protection of such victims.

D. Consult and cooperate with the Department of Justice when it conducts a biennial conference addressing trafficking in persons and commercial sex acts that occur in the United States.


54. The benefits and services available to foreign victims of trafficking are largely the same ones available to:

A. Refugees who arrive with the hope of finding employment, education, and a new life in America.

B. U.S. citizens.

C. Most lawful permanent residents.

D. All of the above.


55. The benefit programs, many of which are time-limited, include which of the following?

A. Temporary Assistance for Needy Family, Supplemental Security Income, or Refugee Cash Assistance

B. Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program

C. Public Housing Program or Tenant-Based Vouchers

D. All of the above


Copyright © 2019 Quantum Units Education

Visit us at QuantumUnitsEd.com!