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Serving LGBT Youth and Adult Populations

LGBT Populations and the Child Welfare System: A Snapshot of the Knowledge Base and Research Needs

1. LGB people are at increased risk for experiencing child maltreatment compared to non-LGB people.

A. True

B. False


2. High levels of gender nonconformity during childhood may increase risk for child maltreatment.

A. True

B. False


3. Participants in various studies report that LGBT youth experience:

A. Harassment in group care.

B. Discomfort, insensitivity, or rejection by child welfare agency staff and foster parents.

C. Feelings of isolation.

D. All of the above.


LGBT Youth and Services to Support Them: A Snapshot of the Knowledge Base and Research Needs

4. Sexual minority youth face increased health disparities related to sexually transmitted infection but are at a lower risk than heterosexuals for unintended pregnancy.

A. True

B. False


5. According to disease surveillance data, most new HIV infections among young people, those ages 13 to 24 years, occur among:

A. Gay men

B. Bisexual men

C. Other men who have sex with men

D. All of the above


6. Service providers may find it difficult to collect information about the sexual orientation and gender identity of youth in their programs for all of the following reasons, except:

A. Youth may not have well-formed sexual identities or may be reticent to share this information out of fear of harassment.

B. Youth may have difficulty accepting their own sexual orientation.

C. Staff may lack the skills or protocols necessary to ask questions about sexual orientation or gender identity sensitively.

D. Youth and staff may be concerned that the information will be disclosed to other agencies or parties without the youth’s consent.


7. School-based sexual health education programs generally incorporate discussion of same-sex sexuality and health risks and thus address the specific concerns or circumstances of LGBT youth.

A. True

B. False


8. To make sexual health education services more relevant to LGBTQ youth, researchers have recommended steps such as all of the following, except:

A. Discussing sexual orientation and gender identity during classes.

B. Describing romantic relationships in terms that do not assume heterosexuality.

C. Holding health education services for heterosexual youth separately from the LGBTQ youth.

D. Providing LGBT cultural competency training to instructors.


Low-Income LGBT Populations and Programs to Support Self-Sufficiency: A Snapshot of the Knowledge Base and Research Needs

9. Analyses of data from the National Survey of Family Growth find that which of the following are more likely to be poor than heterosexual adults?

A. Bisexual adults

B. Gay adults

C. Lesbian adults

D. All of the above


10. Same-sex male and female couples are more likely to receive cash assistance and Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits than similar married different-sex couples.

A. True

B. False


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