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Human Services for At-Risk LGBT Populations

1. The collection and analysis of data on sexual orientation and gender pose which of the following challenges?

A. The willingness of respondents to accurately report their sexual orientation or gender identity.

B. Differences in conceptualization of sexual orientation and gender identity across racial and ethnic groups and age cohorts.

C. Small sample sizes when such data are available.

D. All of the above.


2. To provide sample sizes need to examine patterns of child maltreatment among additional subgroups of LGBT youth, standardized measures of sexual orientation, gender identity, and gender expression could be added to large-scale surveys and longitudinal studies addressing child maltreatment.

A. True

B. False


3. Surveys of youth in foster care in a few jurisdictions and anecdotal evidence from child welfare service providers suggest that a disproportionate number of youth in foster care are LGBT.

A. True

B. False


4. Researchers could develop a model survey instrument and provide guidance to researchers and child welfare agencies on key aspects of its administration among youth in foster care, including all of the following, except for:

A. Obtaining information regarding medical examinations

B. Protection of respondent confidentiality

C. Methods for asking questions about sexual orientation and gender identity

D. Securing information consent from minors in care


5. If child welfare agencies use standardized data collection instruments, analyses of survey data could compare proportions and characteristics of LGBT youth across jurisdictions.

A. True

B. False


6. Quantitative studies could help identify agency policies or approaches that appear to positively or negatively influence perceptions of services.

A. True

B. False


7. Surveys and qualitative studies, including which of the following, could explore perceptions among LGBT groups of the supportiveness of services for LGBT youth?

A. Child welfare administrators

B. Direct service staff

C. Foster parents

D. All of the above


8. Which of the following could document the placement histories and permanency outcomes of participants?

A. A longitudinal study of youth in foster care.

B. A retrospective survey of youth who have exited foster care.

C. Both (A) and (B).

D. None of the above.


9. Child welfare experts and practitioners have recommended which of the following practices to improve services for young LGBT people?

A. Adopting nondiscrimination policies

B. Training agency staff regarding LGBT issues

C. Ensuring that youth receive appropriate services and placement

D. All of the above


10. An in-depth qualitative study of agency practices could focus on all of the following, except:

A. Facilitators and barriers to system-wide changes.

B. Protection of respondent confidentiality.

C. Shifts in agency culture.

D. Implementation of discrete practices designed to improve services for LGBT youth.


11. Analyses of national representative survey data suggest that same-sex couples are less likely than different-sex couples to have an adopted or foster child.

A. True

B. False


12. LGBT homeless youth may experience problems related to all of the following at higher rates than their non-LGBT counterparts, except for:

A. Mental health

B. Juvenile justice

C. Victimization

D. Substance abuse


13. Analyses could explore differences between LGBT and non-LGBT youth related to:

A. Risk behaviors

B. Reasons for homelessness

C. Human trafficking and commercial sexual exploitation

D. All of the above


14. LGBT adolescents appear to engage in risky behaviors at higher rates than non-LGBT adolescents, including behaviors that increase the likelihood of pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections.

A. True

B. False


15. Studies suggest that LGBT youth are more likely to suffer from depression and have suicidal thoughts or behavior than non-LGBT youth, and that large proportions of LGBT youth experience harassment at school because of their sexual orientation or gender expression.

A. True

B. False


16. Studies focusing on all of the following key subpopulations of LGBT youth could explore whether protective factors differ, except for:

A. Pregnant and/or parenting youth

B. Transgender youth

C. Youth of color

D. Youth living in rural areas


17. According to researchers and other experts, improving services for LGBT runaway and homeless youth requires:

A. Establishing policies to prohibit discrimination and ensure the safety of sexual minority youth.

B. Increasing staff members’ LGBT cultural competency.

C. Addressing the unique shelter and service needs of LGBT youth.

D. All of the above.


18. Analyses focusing on individual adults have found which of the following to be significantly more likely to be poor than heterosexuals?

A. Bisexuals

B. Gay men

C. Lesbians

D. All of the above


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