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Second Chance Act Grantees - Strategies and Successes

1. Meaningful employment can help individuals succeed in the community after release from incarceration because it does all of the following, except:

A. Makes them less likely to have a substance abuse problem.

B. Refocuses their time and efforts on pro-social activities.

C. Makes them less likely to engage in risky behaviors.

D. Makes them less likely to interact with criminal associates.


2. The characteristics or circumstances that research has shown are associated with criminal behavior, but which can be modified, are known as:

A. Criminogenic Risks

B. Criminogenic Needs

C. Responsivity

D. Risks / Needs Assessment


3. The use of graduated sanctions and incentives is an evidence-based practice that allows for more options, particularly community-based options, to respond to low-level violations, with the goal of holding individuals accountable for their actions.

A. True

B. False


4. Research has shown that when penalizing a person for violating the conditions of his or her release, the immediate application of a sanction has a smaller impact on preventing future criminal behavior than the severity of the sanction itself.

A. True

B. False


5. Providing educational and vocational programs to adults and youth during incarceration is critical because education is strongly tied to a person’s:

A. Employment opportunities

B. Financial stability

C. Quality of life

D. All of the above


6. Research has found that youth who have at least one meaningful, caring relationship with an adult are twice as likely as youth without a meaningful adult relationship to have each of the following, except for:

A. Healthy family and social relationships

B. Financial self-sufficiency

C. A college education

D. Engagement in their communities


7. A mentor can:

A. Address an individual’s low motivation or unpreparedness for change.

B. Enhance pro-social thinking and behavior through modeling.

C. Engage the program participant in substance abuse or mental health treatment, education, or family-based support services.

D. All of the above.


8. Addressing substance abuse and/or mental health needs before and after release from incarceration is crucial in promoting recovery and increasing the likelihood incarcerated individuals will avoid criminal behavior and stay out of prison or jail.

A. True

B. False


9. Children of incarcerated parents are at increased risk of poor school performance, substance use, and mental health problems.

A. True

B. False


10. Some research has shown that people who regularly interact with their families while incarcerated are more likely to succeed when returning to their community than those who do not.

A. True

B. False


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