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Responsible Parenting for Fathers with a History of Incarceration

Encouraging Responsible Parenting among Fathers with Histories of Incarceration

1. Children left behind because of parental incarceration experience worse life outcomes relative to their peers, including:

A. Residential instability

B. Academic difficulties

C. Mental health problems

D. All of the above


2. Research suggests that _____ incarceration is more detrimental for children.

A. Maternal

B. Paternal

C. Both (A) and (B) are equally detrimental

D. Neither (A) nor (B) is detrimental


3. The effects of which of the following are farther reaching?

A. Maternal incarceration

B. Paternal incarceration

C. Both (A) and (B) have an equal reach

D. Neither (A) nor (B)


4. An evaluation of a therapeutic, prison-based fatherhood program found that weekly father-child contact visits:

A. Helped fathers become more empathetic toward their children.

B. Decreased self-reported stress related to parenting and child behaviors.

C. Decreased problem behaviors among children.

D. All of the above.


5. Formerly incarcerated parents who have healthy relationships with their children have better _____ outcomes than incarcerated parents who do not have these healthy relationships.

A. Employment

B. Substance abuse

C. Both (A) and (B)

D. None of the above


6. How do parenting activities intend to strengthen the relationship between fathers and their children?

A. They build and develop knowledge of parenting and child development among fathers through the facilitation of curriculum-based parenting classes and support groups.

B. They increase and improve parent-child contact and communication through family contact visits, video diaries, and special events.

C. They remove or reduce barriers to family stability and reunification by helping fathers with child care and child support modifications and payments.

D. All of the above.


7. Activities that increase contact and communication between fathers and their children during incarceration and in the community give fathers the opportunity to practice what they learned through the parenting curricula, to connect and interact with their children and families, to demonstrate to their partners and children that they want to be involved in their lives, and to improve their relationships with their families.

A. True

B. False


8. To help fathers overcome barriers to reentry that interfered with their ability to parent their children, all programs reviewed provided assistance with:

A. Child support services

B. Child care

C. Both (A) and (B)

D. None of the above


9. Correctional institutions provide a unique opportunity for program staff to connect with fathers for a substantial period of time, mostly without their children or caregivers present.

A. True

B. False


10. By working to help fathers maintain contact during incarceration and reconnect in the community, programs can potentially mitigate trauma and promote healthier parent-child relationships.

A. True

B. False


Supporting Healthy Marriages among Fathers with Histories of Incarceration

11. Relationship conflict can have an impact on couples’ mental health, which can in turn affect their parenting styles and the well-being of their children.

A. True

B. False


12. Services targeted directly to _____ have significant potential to help repair family relationships and reduce trauma.

A. Children of parents who are incarcerated or were formerly incarcerated

B. Partners / caregivers

C. Both (A) and (B)

D. None of the above


13. In conjunction with, and often through, the case management services offered in institutions and the programs’ community-based offices, healthy relationship activities are intended to help stabilize fathers and their families and facilitate family reunification by:

A. Strengthening relationships and encouraging effective coparenting.

B. Preventing domestic violence.

C. Both (A) and (B).

D. None of the above.


14. Which topic did all curricula cover?

A. Respectful and effective partner communication

B. Anger / stress management

C. Conflict resolution

D. All of the above


15. Why were the children included in the formal and informal opportunities for interaction between program participants and partners / coparents?

A. It gave an opportunity for the fathers to visit with their children.

B. It allowed couples to practice their relationship and coparenting skills.

C. It prevented the need for child care.

D. All of the above.


16. What was the primary focus of the parenting activities?

A. Strengthen and support the parent-child relationship.

B. Strengthen and repair the entire family unit.

C. Strengthen and repair the relationship between fathers and their partners / coparents.

D. Strengthen and repair the relationship between the fathers and their extended families.


17. To help prevent and address domestic violence issues, programs did all of the following, except for:

A. Screened and assessed participants during intake to identify signs of domestic violence.

B. Provided domestic violence programming.

C. Formally reassessed participants’ needs for domestic violence services.

D. Referred participants to domestic violence treatment agencies for additional services as necessary.


18. Although healthy relationship activities were intended to be a supplement to or an extension of the parenting activities, in practice they were a core component of all programs.

A. True

B. False


19. Parenting activities alone may not be sufficient to overcome tense or conflict-ridden relationships between the father and his partner / coparent because:

A. Their primary focus is often on the parent-child relationship.

B. They may not provide the father an opportunity to address a tense or conflict-ridden relationship directly.

C. Both (A) and (B).

D. None of the above.


20. Giving partners access to staff who can connect them to appropriate services is an important way of ensuring their needs are met.

A. True

B. False


21. Healthy relationship programs:

A. Are the universal solution to overcome tense or conflict-ridden relationships.

B. Can affect the relationship quality of participants.

C. Both (A) and (B).

D. None of the above.


Promoting the Economic Stability of Fathers with Histories of Incarceration

22. Finding and maintaining employment can help returning people:

A. Avoid reliance on earning illegal income.

B. Build prosocial connections and supportive networks.

C. Gain a sense of self-efficacy and a positive self-image.

D. All of the above.


23. Which of the following is an individual-level barrier for getting and keeping a job following incarceration?

A. Obtaining identification

B. Low education attainment

C. Transportation

D. Child care


24. Programs that focus on employment or job readiness for people with histories of incarceration have been shown to help them:

A. Secure jobs

B. Earn higher wages

C. Stay out of prison

D. All of the above


25. Providing training in a particular industry or sector and job coaching for that industry helps people secure jobs in those sectors, instead of more general employment readiness training.

A. True

B. False


26. It is important for programs to address barriers unrelated to skill building or development, such as _____, before engaging people in workforce readiness services.

A. Mental health issues

B. Substance abuse issues

C. Both (A) and (B)

D. None of the above


27. Through which of the following would fathers increase their financial literacy and improve their financial prospects?

A. Curriculum-based financial literacy classes and assistance with building and managing their income and benefits.

B. Curriculum-based workforce readiness classes and vocational training and certification services.

C. Transitional job opportunities and positions within microbusinesses operated by the programs.

D. All of the above.


28. The programs’ curricula included discussions of:

A. Reliability

B. Team building

C. How to address their criminal histories with employers

D. All of the above


29. Coaches serve as liaisons between employers and participants who can manage and support the program and make business owners more comfortable about employing participants.

A. True

B. False


30. The most profitable and rewarding business for participants was determined to be:

A. Auto detailing

B. Welding

C. Forklift operation

D. Home health care and nursing assistance


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