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Resilience Factors for People Who Use Drugs

Background

1. Individuals who use crack are cognizant of the risk of their environment and many make a concerted effort to avoid or minimize risks for themselves.

A. True

B. False


Adversity and risk as precursors of resilience

2. Under which 'category of adversity' is drug use considered?

A. Daily stressors

B. Disease processes

C. Traumatic events

D. All of the above


Internal and external protective factors

3. Long-term resilience researchers warn that choosing _____ terminology suggests an intrinsic quality of the person rather than the achievement of positive outcomes based on various levels and interactions of protective factors and resources.

A. Resilience

B. Resiliency

C. Resilience factor

D. Protective factor


4. Which of the following is a key external factor for resilience, found across all three levels of external protective factors?

A. Social support

B. Attitudes about drug use

C. Help seeking

D. Religiosity / spirituality


5. Which of the following protective factors feature both internal and external domains?

A. Religiosity

B. Culture

C. Both (A) and (B)

D. None of the above


6. When trying to strengthen resilience, which of the following can perpetuate victim-blaming?

A. Focusing on changing the resources available for the individual.

B. Focusing on changing the individual.

C. Both (A) and (B).

D. None of the above.


Resilience outcomes

7. Which of the following do researchers commonly consider as a pre-determined positive adaptation?

A. Marriage

B. Good health

C. Educational attainment

D. All of the above


8. The concept of resilience is multi-dimensional in nature, in that an individual who struggles in one domain can simultaneously possess strengths in another / others.

A. True

B. False


9. Problematically, outcome-based conceptualizations of resilience are often stagnant and can conceal the potential for developing resilience over time, or as conditions change.

A. True

B. False


Process-based conceptualization of resilience

10. Studies that have tested the compensatory and risk-protective models of resilience have found that processes of resilience operate more effectively at low levels of risk.

A. True

B. False


11. Models tested have found that over time self-esteem is positively correlated with:

A. Better adjustment

B. Predicting good psychosocial functioning and academic achievement

C. Predicting higher levels of anti-social behavior

D. All of the above


Conclusions

12. Success for addiction recovery is measured by:

A. Attaining an improved quality of life within the limitations caused by the presence of illness.

B. A significant reduction, if not a total abstinence from drug use.

C. Both (A) and (B).

D. None of the above.


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