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PTSD and Suicide

1. The majority of people who survive a suicide attempt go on to eventually die by suicide.

A. True

B. False


2. All studies published to date provide clear evidence that PTSD increases risk for death from suicide.

A. True

B. False


3. Which of the following was found to be associated with increased risk for suicide in the year following discharge from acute Veterans Health Administration psychiatric inpatient units?

A. Living in an urban setting

B. Being diagnosed with major depression

C. Being female

D. Having been dishonorably discharged


4. Among Vietnam veterans on the Agent Orange Registry, PTSD is associated with a significant increased risk for suicide and:

A. Accidental poisoning

B. Major depression

C. Alcoholism

D. Drug abuse


5. After adjustment for multiple other mental disorder diagnoses, PTSD was found to be associated with decreased risk for suicide and _____ was found to have the largest influence on the association between PTSD and suicide.

A. Bipolar disorder

B. Major depressive disorder

C. Substance abuse

D. Having been deployed during an active war


6. Among active duty members of the US military during 2005 or 2007, all of the following were associated with suicides, except for:

A. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors

B. Sleep prescriptions

C. PTSD

D. Separation or divorce


7. After examining National Death Index data and Veterans Health Administration patient treatment records, women with _____ are at particularly elevated risk for suicide.

A. Bipolar disorder

B. Major depressive disorder

C. Sleep disturbances

D. Substance use disorders


8. After controlling for demographic factors, psychiatric conditions, Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom status, and the interaction between psychiatric conditions and OEF/OIF status, no main effects of OEF/OIF status were observed, however, a significant interaction was found between psychiatric conditions and OEF/OIF status, specifically having a diagnosed mental health condition was associated with a greater risk of suicide among OEF/OIF veterans.

A. True

B. False


9. Administrative data reveal that among those at highest risk are soldiers in the _____ months after inpatient treatment of a psychiatric disorder.

A. 3

B. 6

C. 9

D. 12


10. In Cox models adjusted for age and sex, all of the following factors were found to be significantly associated with increased risk of suicide, except for:

A. Male sex

B. Depression

C. Cumulative days deployed

D. Heavy or binge drinking


11. Compared with service members who were never deployed, hazard rates of suicide were found to be lower among the currently deployed but significantly higher in the quarters following first deployment.

A. True

B. False


12. One study found that PTSD was associated with all of the following, except for:

A. Planned suicide attempts among those with suicidal ideation

B. Suicide plans among those with suicidal ideation

C. Suicidal ideation

D. Suicide attempts


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