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Preventing Suicide

Overview

1. Which of the following is a protective factor that buffers against the risk for suicide?

A. Moral objections to suicide.

B. Strong and supportive relationships with partners, friends, and family.

C. Connectedness to school, community, and other social institutions.

D. All of the above.


2. Suicide can be prevented.

A. True

B. False


Strengthen Economic Supports

3. The impact of unemployment on rates of suicide is offset in states that provide greater than average unemployment benefits.

A. True

B. False


4. Which of the following predicts suicide risk?

A. The loss of a job.

B. The duration of unemployment.

C. Both (A) and (B).

D. None of the above.


Strengthen Access and Delivery of Suicide Care

5. All of the following are true regarding suicide and mental health problems, except for:

A. Most people with mental health problems attempt suicide.

B. The level of risk conferred by different types of mental illness varies.

C. Mental illness is an important risk factor for suicide.

D. All of the above are true.


6. Equal health insurance coverage implies good health insurance coverage and helps to ensure that mental health services are covered on par with other health concerns.

A. True

B. False


7. There is evidence suggesting that coverage of mental health conditions in health insurance policies and improving access and the delivery of care can reduce risk factors associated with suicide and may directly impact suicide rates.

A. True

B. False


8. Mental health parity laws, specifically, is associated with an approximate _____% reduction in suicide rates.

A. 1

B. 5

C. 10

D. 25


9. A systematic review of telemental health services found that services rated as high or good quality were effective in treating which mental health condition?

A. Schizophrenia

B. Substance abuse

C. Suicidal ideation and suicide

D. All of the above


10. The effects of psychotherapy delivered specifically via telephone has been found to significantly reduce _____ symptoms in comparison to face-to-face psychotherapy.

A. Depressive

B. Substance abuse

C. Schizophrenia

D. All of the above


Create Protective Environments

11. The interval between deciding to act and attempting suicide can be as short as:

A. 30 seconds

B. 5 or 10 minutes

C. 30 minutes

D. 1 to 2 hours


12. Which of the following is a suicide hotspot?

A. Tall structures

B. Railway tracks

C. Isolated locations

D. All of the above


13. Acute alcohol use has been found to be associated with more than one-third of suicides and approximately 60% of suicide attempts.

A. True

B. False


Promote Connectedness

14. Community engagement activities provide opportunities for residents to become more involved in the community and to connect with other community members, organization, and resources, resulting in _____, thereby reducing risk of suicide.

A. Enhanced overall physical health

B. Reduced stress

C. Decreased depressive symptoms

D. All of the above


Teach Coping and Problem-Solving Skills

15. Building life skills prepares individuals to successfully:

A. Tackle every day challenges.

B. Adapt to stress and adversity.

C. Both (A) and (B).

D. None of the above.


16. The inability to employ adequate strategies to cope with immediate stressors or identify and find solutions for problems has been characterized among suicide attempters.

A. True

B. False


17. Opportunities to practice and reinforce skills are an important part of programs that work.

A. True

B. False


Identify and Support People at Risk

18. All of the following are vulnerable populations that tend to experience suicidal behavior at higher than average rates, except for:

A. Individuals with lower socio-economic status.

B. Recently retired males.

C. Veterans and active duty military personnel.

D. Individuals of sexual minority status.


19. Similar to means reduction, crisis interventions can put space or time between an individual who may be considering suicide and harmful behavior.

A. True

B. False


20. Treatment that employs _____ can help engage and motivate patients, thereby increasing retention in therapy and decreasing suicide risk.

A. Collaborative care

B. Integrated care

C. (A) and/or (B)

D. None of the above


21. Dialectical Behavior Therapy is a multicomponent therapy for individuals at high risk for suicide and who may struggle will all of the following, except:

A. Dispositional anxiety

B. Impulsivity

C. Emotional regulation issues

D. DBT is for all of the above


Lessen Harms and Prevent Future Risk

22. Risk of suicide and suicide risk factors have been shown to not be any higher among people who have lost a friend / peer, family member, co-worker, or other close contact to suicide compared to those who have not.

A. True

B. False


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