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Preventing Sexual Violence - Evidence-Based Practices

Overview of STOP SV

1. Which of the following acts is considered sexual violence?

A. Attempted or completed forced or alcohol / drug facilitated penetration.

B. Verbal pressure that results in unwanted penetration.

C. Non-contact unwanted sexual experiences.

D. All of the above.


2. All of the following are key risk factors for SV perpetration, except for:

A. Exposure to parental violence.

B. Low academic achievement.

C. A history of child physical abuse.

D. Early sexual initiation and sexual risk-taking behavior.


Promote Social Norms that Protect Against Violence

3. Restrictive gender norms, that is, rigid ideas about the appropriate roles and behavior of men and women, can serve to support or condone violent behavior in intimate and other relationships.

A. True

B. False


Teach Skills to Prevent Sexual Violence

4. Which of the following is an individual skill associated with preventing SV?

A. Social-emotional learning skills.

B. Healthy dating and intimate relationship skills.

C. Empowerment skills.

D. All of the above.


5. Which of the following approaches that utilize skills-building training to address SV perpetration, victimization, or risk factors, work to build communication and conflict resolution skills as well as expectations for caring, respectful, and non-violent behavior?

A. Social-emotional learning approaches.

B. Empowerment-based training for women to reduce risk of victimization.

C. Teaching healthy, safe dating and intimate relationship skills to adolescents.

D. Promoting healthy sexuality.


6. Which of the following has been shown to reduce high risk sexual behavior, a clear risk factor for SV victimization and perpetration?

A. Social-emotional learning approaches.

B. Promoting healthy sexuality.

C. Teaching healthy, safe dating and intimate relationship skills to adolescents.

D. All of the above.


Provide Opportunities to Empower and Support Girls and Women

7. Studies show that gender inequality in all of the following result in increased risk for SV, except for:

A. Health care

B. Education

C. Employment

D. Income


8. Cross-national evidence indicates that rates of SV are lower in countries where women have higher educational and occupational status.

A. True

B. False


9. Affordable child care and paid family leave policies have been directly linked to reductions in SV.

A. True

B. False


Create Protective Environments

10. Approaches that operate by modifying individuals within the community are considered community-level approaches.

A. True

B. False


11. Which of the following approaches for modifying community-level characteristics associated with SV to create protective environments address risk factors by changing, enacting, or enforcing laws, regulation, or organizational policies, or by changing the physical environment, or economic or social incentives for behavior?

A. Improving safety and monitoring in schools.

B. Establishing and consistently applying workplace policies.

C. Addressing community-level risks through environmental approaches.

D. All of the above.


12. Having formal, written grievance procedures in the workplace protect women from predatory harassment.

A. True

B. False


13. Research has found that higher alcohol prices are associated with lower rates of SV victimization in communities, while greater outlet density is linked to higher rates of SV.

A. True

B. False


Support Victims / Survivors to Lessen Harms

14. Victim-centered service approaches include all of the following, except:

A. Psychological interventions

B. Support groups

C. Crisis intervention

D. Medical and legal advocacy


15. All of the following are associated with sustained improvements in PTSD and depression symptoms at 6-year follow-up among adult rape victims in a randomized control trial, except for:

A. Prolonged Exposure Therapy.

B. Trauma-focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy.

C. Cognitive Processing Therapy.

D. All of the above are associated with sustained improvements in PTSD and depression symptoms at 6-year follow-up among adult rape victims in a randomized control trial.


16. PSB-CBT programs for the child focuses on:

A. Acknowledging and identifying inappropriate sexual behavior.

B. Learning sexual behavior rules and self-control techniques.

C. Sex education.

D. All of the above.


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