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Quantum Units Education

Strategies for Preventing Child Maltreatment

Chapter 1: Approaches to Promoting Well-Being

1. Protective factors can serve as buffers, helping parents who might otherwise be at risk of abusing their children to find resources, supports, or coping strategies that allow them to parent effectively, even under stress.

A. True

B. False


2. All of the following are considered vulnerable populations, except for:

A. Youth living with adults other than their mother or father

B. Pregnant and parenting youth

C. Runaway and homeless youth

D. Youth in or transitioning out of foster care


3. Helping parents learn and practice the nurturing skills that lead to strong, secure attachments is a well-supported pathway to positive outcomes for children.

A. True

B. False


Chapter 2: Working With Families Using the Protective Factors

4. Research shows that babies who receive affection and nurturing from their parents have the best chance of developing into children, teens, and adults who are happy, healthy, and possess individual-level protective factors such as:

A. Relational skills

B. Self-regulation skills

C. Problem-solving skills

D. All of the above


5. Research shows that a consistent relationship with caring adults in the early years of life is associated with:

A. Better grades

B. Healthier behaviors

C. An increased ability to cope with stress later in life

D. All of the above


6. A lack of contact or interaction with a caregiver can change the infant’s body chemistry, resulting in a reduction in the growth hormones essential for all of the following, except:

A. Brain development

B. Heart development

C. Immune system development

D. All of the above depend on contact with a caregiver


7. Parents nurture their older children by:

A. Making time to listen to them.

B. Being involved and interested in the child’s school and other activities.

C. Staying aware of the child or teen’s interests and friends.

D. All of the above.


8. Which of the following questions should the parent be asked in order to explore how the parent observes and attends to the child?

A. How do you show affection in your family?

B. What games or activities does your child or teen like?

C. What are your child’s greatest gifts and talents?

D. What do you do when your child does something great?


9. Which of the following questions should the parent be asked in order to explore how the parent views his/her own role?

A. What are some of the things that you find challenging as a parent?

B. What do you like about your child?

C. How have you let your child know what you expect?

D. How do you encourage your child to explore his/her surroundings, try new things, and do things on his/her own?


10. Not all parents have inner strengths or resources that can serve as a foundation for building their resilience.

A. True

B. False


11. Programs can help teach parents concrete skills to prevent stress, such as:

A. Planning and goal setting

B. Anticipating difficulties

C. Problem-solving

D. All of the above


12. Which of the following questions should the parent be asked in order to explore actions that a parent may need to take when additional needs are identified?

A. What do you do to take care of yourself when you are stressed?

B. Has anyone in your family expressed concern about drug/alcohol abuse, domestic violence, or mental health issues?

C. What happens when you and your spouse or partner disagree?

D. Has something happened recently that has made life more difficult?


13. All of the following are individual-level protective factors, except for:

A. Self-regulation of emotions and behavior

B. Communicating feelings

C. Parental resilience

D. Solving problems effectively


Chapter 3: Using Protective Factors as a Framework for Your Community Partnership

14. Programs that introduce traditional child-rearing practices from various cultures may help young parents raise their children in a positive and culturally knowledgeable manner.

A. True

B. False


15. Which of the following community events utilize partner organizations for presenting topics that help parents meet their families’ needs, such as finding adequate medical care, safe and affordable child care, and substance abuse treatment?

A. Health fairs

B. Human services fairs

C. Job fairs

D. Ethnic street fairs


16. Which of the following is the goal of CDC’s Essentials for Childhood?

A. Raise awareness and commitment to promote and prevent child maltreatment.

B. Create the context for healthy children and families through norms change and programs.

C. Use data to inform actions.

D. All of the above.


17. All of the following are forms of traditional media that can be used to reach potential supporters and build connections among stakeholders, except for:

A. Press releases

B. Letters to the editor

C. Websites

D. Public service announcements


18. All of the following are goals of social media, except for:

A. Get the word out.

B. Engage in dialogue or get feedback.

C. Reach a more targeted, specific group.

D. Send out brief alerts that prompt stakeholders to take immediate action.


Chapter 4: Protecting Children

19. Failure to provide for a child’s basic needs is which type of child maltreatment?

A. Neglect

B. Physical abuse

C. Sexual abuse

D. Emotional abuse


20. Which of the following is among the most common risk factors for child abuse?

A. Young parents may lack experience with children or be unprepared for the responsibility of raising a child.

B. A lack of knowledge about normal child development or behavior may result in frustration and, ultimately, abusive discipline.

C. Parents’ own experiences of childhood trauma impact their relationships with their children.

D. All of the above.


21. Evidence shows that the great majority of families who experience the most common risk factor circumstances will abuse or neglect their children.

A. True

B. False


22. Traumatic events overwhelm children’s ability to cope and elicit powerful physical and emotional responses that continue even when the danger has passed, often until treatment is received.

A. True

B. False


23. The trauma of child abuse or neglect has been associated with increased risk of:

A. Teen pregnancy

B. Domestic violence

C. Chronic illnesses, including heart disease, cancer, and lung disease

D. All of the above


24. A child appearing frightened of a parent or caregiver may be a sign of which type of child maltreatment?

A. Neglect

B. Physical abuse

C. Sexual abuse

D. Emotional abuse


25. Many parents who seek assistance from community agencies or come to the attention of the child welfare system have experienced some form of trauma.

A. True

B. False


26. Blaming or judging parents is likely to motivate them to make changes.

A. True

B. False


27. A child under age _____ engaged in commercial sex is a victim of sex trafficking, even if the youth’s participation is not forced or coerced.

A. 16

B. 17

C. 18

D. 19


28. The possibility of human trafficking should be considered when a child or youth:

A. Makes references to frequent travel to other cities.

B. Lacks control over his or her schedule and/or identification or travel documents.

C. Appears to have coached or rehearsed responses to questions.

D. Any of the above.


29. Trafficked youth may not see themselves as victims and may appear hostile, angry, or protective of their traffickers.

A. True

B. False


Chapter 5: Tip Sheets for Parents and Caregivers

30. Those who work with parents and caregivers can suggest all of the following for them to do for knowledge of parenting and child development, except for:

A. Explore parenting questions with your family doctor, your child’s teacher, family, or friends.

B. Join a playgroup or online support group of parents with children at similar ages.

C. Subscribe to a magazine, website, or online newsletter about child development.

D. Sit and observe what your child can and cannot do.


31. Children should be rewarded with:

A. Attention and kind words

B. Food

C. Sweets

D. Any of the above


32. Children and teens need 30 minutes of physical activity each day.

A. True

B. False


33. A lack of food affects children’s:

A. Bodies: children may get sick and go to the hospital more often.

B. Behavior: a lack of health food at home can cause fighting, hyperactivity, and mood swings in school-age children. Older youth may feel depressed, anxious, or suicidal.

C. Learning: children can have a hard time getting to school every day or making progress in reading and math.

D. All of the above.


34. All of the following are true with regard to sexual abuse, except for:

A. Sexual abuse affects both boys and girls of all ages, in all kinds of neighborhoods and communities.

B. Children are more likely to be sexually abused by a stranger than by someone they know and trust.

C. Abusers do not always use physical force.

D. Many abusers use games, gifts, lies, or threats to engage children and to keep them from telling anyone what has happened.


35. To prevent child sexual abuse, it is important to keep the focus on adult responsibility, while teaching children skills to help them protect themselves.

A. True

B. False


36. A family is said to have “financial stability” if they have:

A. The ability to pay bills on time

B. A manageable amount of debt

C. A 3 - 6 month emergency fund to protect them against loss of income

D. All of the above


37. Youth that are at greater risk for human trafficking are all of the following, except:

A. Those with difficult family situations.

B. Those with histories of trauma.

C. Those that are female.

D. Those in foster care.


38. All of the following are ways to promote bonding between parents and babies, except for:

A. Respond when your baby cries but do not give too much attention, as this can spoil babies.

B. Use feeding, bathing, and diapering times to look into your baby’s eyes, smile, and talk to your baby.

C. Read, sing, and play peek-a-boo. Babies love to hear human voices and will try to imitate your voice and the sounds you make.

D. As your baby gets a little older, try simple games and toys. Once your baby can sit up, plan on spending lots of time on the floor with toys, puzzles, and books.


39. If a parent cannot prevent a tantrum, all of the following are ways for them to deal with it, except for:

A. Say what they expect from their child and have confidence that the child will behave.

B. Remain calm. They are a role model for their child.

C. Do not hold their child during the tantrum as this causes the tantrum to get worse.

D. Take their child to a quiet place where he or she can calm down safely.


40. Children ages 6 to 12 years need _____ hours of sleep each night.

A. 8

B. 9

C. 10

D. 11


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