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Preventing Child Abuse and Neglect - Evidence-Based Practices

Overview

1. Neglect is the failure to meet which of the following basic needs of a child?

A. Housing

B. Education

C. Access to medical care

D. All of the above


2. Which of the following are more likely to experience non-fatal abuse and neglect?

A. Infants

B. Young children

C. 14- to 17-year-olds

D. Adults


3. Risk factors:

A. Provide information about who is most at risk for being a victim or a perpetrator of child abuse and neglect.

B. Are direct causes of child abuse and neglect.

C. Can predict who will be a victim or a perpetrator of child abuse and neglect.

D. All of the above.


4. Strong evidence confirms that childhood violence increases the risks of injury, sexually transmitted infections, including HIV, mental health problems, delayed cognitive development, reproductive health problems, involvement in sex trafficking, and non- communicable diseases, which, in turn, can cause damage to the nervous, endocrine, circulatory, musculo-skeletal, reproductive, respiratory, and immune systems.

A. True

B. False


Strengthen Economic Supports for Families

5. Policies that improve the socioeconomic conditions of families tend to have the largest impacts on health.

A. True

B. False


6. In which way can household financial security be strengthened?

A. Child support payments

B. Tax credits

C. State options for managing federal nutrition assistance programs

D. All of the above


7. SNAP:

A. Reduces the severity of food insecurity.

B. Changes the probability of families being food insecure.

C. Both (A) and (B).

D. None of the above.


8. Which of the following is a risk factor for child abuse and neglect?

A. Parental Stress

B. Maternal depression

C. Both (A) and (B)

D. None of the above


Change Social Norms to Support Parents and Positive Parenting

9. One social norm that is particularly relevant to preventing child abuse and neglect relates to:

A. How parents talk to their children.

B. How parents discipline their children.

C. Shared responsibility for children.

D. Mothers breastfeeding their children.


10. Evidence suggests that legislative approaches can impact:

A. The use of severe corporal punishment against children.

B. The understanding of what constitutes violent punishment.

C. The attitudes towards the use of corporal / violent punishment.

D. All of the above.


Provide Quality Care and Education Early in Life

11. Preschool enrichment with family engagement programs, in general, have documented positive impacts on the child’s:

A. Cognitive skills

B. School achievement

C. Social skills

D. All of the above


12. Although accredited child care is associated with positive outcomes for children, it cannot counteract a lower quality home environment.

A. True

B. False


Intervene to Lessen Harms and Prevent Future Risk

13. Which of the following may be used to identify and address psychosocial problems in the family that serve as risk factors for child abuse and neglect?

A. Behavioral parent training programs.

B. Enhanced primary care.

C. Treatment for children and families to lessen the harms of abuse and neglect exposure.

D. Treatment for children and families to prevent problem behavior and later involvement in violence.


14. Research has suggested that post-treatment improvements in trauma-related symptoms for the child are sustained at _____ post-treatment, as are parenting-related behaviors and parental emotional distress and depressive symptoms.

A. 1 and 3 months

B. 2 and 6 months

C. 6 and 12 months

D. 12 and 18 months


Monitoring and Evaluation

15. In order to collect the most accurate information on the magnitude of child abuse and neglect and on the impact of implemented programs, practices, and policies, data collection should adhere to all of the following key parameters, except for:

A. Uniform surveillance definitions should be used across disciplines.

B. Data collection should only be performed by governmental agencies.

C. Case definitions should be applied consistently across data collection sites.

D. Data collection should occur on a regular, ongoing basis.


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