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Misuse of Prescription Drugs

Summary

1. The misuse of prescription drugs means:

A. Taking a medication in a manner or dose other than prescribed.

B. Taking someone else’s prescription, even if for a legitimate medical complaint such as pain.

C. Taking a medication to feel euphoria.

D. All of the above.


What is the scope of prescription drug misuse?

2. All of the following populations are at particular risk for prescription drug misuse, except for:

A. Minorities

B. Youth

C. Older adults

D. Women


3. When asked how they obtained prescription stimulants for nonmedical use, more than half of the adolescents and young adults surveyed said that they purchased these drugs through the internet.

A. True

B. False


4. Medical use of prescription opioids by adolescents is associated with a greater risk of future opioid misuse.

A. True

B. False


5. Which of the following is the reason for why medication misuse is more dangerous in older people than in younger populations?

A. The high rates of multiple chronic illnesses in older populations.

B. Age-related changes in drug metabolism.

C. The potential for drug interactions.

D. All of the above.


Is it safe to use prescription drugs in combination or with other medications?

6. Patients should be aware of the dangers associated with mixing stimulants and OTC cold medicines that contain decongestants, as combining these substances may cause blood pressure to become dangerously high or lead to irregular health rhythms.

A. True

B. False


Which classes of prescription drugs are commonly misused?

7. Some patients experience a worsening of their pain or increased sensitivity to pain as a result of treatment with opioids.

A. True

B. False


8. Which of the following occurs as a result of physiological adaptations to chronic exposure to a drug?

A. Addiction

B. Dependence

C. Tolerance

D. None of the above


9. It is not possible to develop a substance use disorder as long as opioid medications are taken as prescribed.

A. True

B. False


10. Most CNS depressants act on the brain by decreasing activity at receptors for the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid.

A. True

B. False


11. Currently, stimulants are prescribed for the treatment of all of the following, except for:

A. Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder

B. Narcolepsy

C. Obesity

D. Treatment-resistant depression


12. Nonmedical use of stimulants for cognitive enhancement poses which of the following potential health risks?

A. Addiction

B. Cardiovascular events

C. Psychosis

D. All of the above


How can prescription drug addiction be treated?

13. Which of the following is an antagonist medication that prevents other opioids from binding to and activating opioid receptors?

A. Naltrexone

B. Methadone

C. Buprenorphine

D. All of the above


14. The FDA-approved implantable formulation of buprenorphine provides _____ of sustained treatment, which will give buprenorphine-stabilized patients greater ease in treatment adherence.

A. 6 weeks

B. 3 months

C. 6 months

D. 12 months


15. Patients addicted to CNS depressants such as tranquilizers, sedatives, and hypnotics should not attempt to stop taking them on their own, as there can be potentially life-threatening withdrawal symptoms.

A. True

B. False


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