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Mental Health Issues for Detained Youth

Psychiatric Disorders in Youth After Detention

1. For many delinquent juvenile youth, psychiatric disorders will persist as they become young adults because of their continual exposure to which risk factor?

A. Maltreatment

B. Dysfunctional families

C. Brain injury

D. All of the above


2. Other than depression, the prevalence rates for mood disorders decreased as the participants aged.

A. True

B. False


3. Males and females did not have significantly different rates of disruptive behavior disorder at baseline, but the prevalence of these disorders decreased faster among females than among males.

A. True

B. False


4. Which of the following were the most prevalent disorders found in the juvenile population?

A. Mood disorders

B. Substance use disorders

C. Anxiety disorders

D. Disruptive behavior disorders


5. Over time, females had higher rates of _____ than males.

A. Mood disorders

B. Substance use disorders

C. Anxiety disorders

D. Disruptive behavior disorders


6. Males are more likely than females to continue antisocial behavior from childhood into adulthood for which reason?

A. Delinquent males are less likely to receive mental health and substance abuse services than females.

B. Males may have fewer opportunities to assume age-appropriate social roles.

C. Males are incarcerated more frequently and for longer periods of time than females.

D. All of the above.


7. Disproportionate minority confinement for drug offenses is due to higher rates of drug use and dealing in the African American communities.

A. True

B. False


Perceived Barriers to Mental Health Services Among Detained Youth

8. Of the following with major mental disorders, which are significantly less likely to receive treatment?

A. Females

B. Older youth

C. Non-Hispanic whites

D. All of the above


9. Which of the following is a characteristic associated with a lower rate of service use that is prevalent among youth in the juvenile justice system?

A. Poverty and poor education

B. Inadequate health insurance and ineligibility for Medicaid

C. A history of arrest

D. All of the above


10. A youth’s perceived need for treatment, regardless of his or her race or ethnicity, determined whether he or she sought services for substance abuse.

A. True

B. False


11. Among participants with any alcohol, drug, or mental disorder, the most commonly reported barrier to services received outside of school was:

A. Youth were not sure who to contact or where to go for help.

B. Youth were dissatisfied with their therapist or treatment.

C. Youth believed that the problems would go away or that they could solve the problem without help.

D. Youth were disinterested in treatment.


12. Detained youth who do not recognize their mental health problems or feel that they can solve such problems independently are unlikely to cooperate with referrals.

A. True

B. False


13. Racial and ethnic disparities in service use may stem from all of the following, except:

A. Individual perceptions and attitudes toward mental health services

B. Poverty

C. Lack of sufficient minority service providers

D. Sociocultural barriers


14. Youth who had never received services were more likely to be _____ than youth who had received services.

A. Concerned about what others may think of them

B. Uncertain about where to seek services

C. Unsure whether they could afford services

D. All of the above


15. Youth who had received services in the past were less skeptical about using services in the future than those who had never received services.

A. True

B. False


16. To best understand how to successfully deliver treatment, service providers should examine how past experiences influence youth’s willingness to accept referrals to treatment.

A. True

B. False


Violent Death in Delinquent Youth After Detention

17. Nearly _____% of youth who die as a result of homicide have sold drugs.

A. 97

B. 87

C. 77

D. 67


18. Homicide rates have increased among all racial / ethnic groups and ages since the mid-1990’s.

A. True

B. False


19. Regardless of gender or age, which of the following have the highest mortality rate?

A. Non-Hispanic whites

B. Hispanics

C. African Americans

D. Hispanics and African Americans have equal mortality rates


20. Attempts to reduce violence can begin by addressing which common modifiable risk factor?

A. Physical fighting

B. Carrying weapons

C. Gang membership

D. All of the above


21. Interventions must be tailored to youth of widely varying social, economic, cultural, and ethnic backgrounds and should include parenting training, mentoring, home visitation, and education.

A. True

B. False


22. Treating youth who have behavioral or substance use disorders may reduce the risk of victimization by curtailing high-risk lifestyles associated with these disorders.

A. True

B. False


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