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Introduction to Cultural Competence

What Is Cultural Competence?

1. To provide culturally responsive treatment services, counselors, other clinical staff, and organizations need to become aware of their own attitudes, beliefs, biases, and assumptions about others.

A. True

B. False


2. Providers need to invest in gaining cultural knowledge of the population that they serve and obtaining specific cultural knowledge as it relates to which of the following?

A. Help-seeking

B. Treatment

C. Recovery

D. All of the above


Why Is Cultural Competence Important?

3. All of the following statements are true, except:

A. Cultural competence provides clients with more opportunities to access services that reflect a cultural perspective on and alternative, culturally congruent approaches to their presenting problems.

B. Cultural responsive services will likely provide a greater sense of safety from the client’s perspective, supporting the belief that culture is essential to healing.

C. Since all clients identify with or desire to connect with their cultures, culturally responsive services offer clients a chance to explore the impact of culture.

D. Culturally responsive practices recognize the fundamental importance of language and the right to language accessibility, including translation and interpreter services.


4. For clients, culturally responsive services honor the beliefs that culture is embedded in the clients’ _________________.

A. Language

B. Religion

C. Ethnicity

D. Race


5. An organization benefits from culturally responsive practices through planning for, attracting, and retaining a diverse workforce that reflects the multiracial and multiethnic heritages and cultural groups of its client base and community.

A. True

B. False


How Is Cultural Competence Achieved?

6. Cultural competence is acquired by learning facts about specific populations, changing an organization’s mission statement, and attending training on cultural competence.

A. True

B. False


7. At which stage do counselors uphold the belief that there are no essential differences among individuals across cultural groups - that everyone experiences discrimination and is subject to the biases of others?

A. Cultural Destructiveness

B. Cultural Incapacity

C. Cultural Blindness

D. Cultural Precompetence


What Is Culture?

8. Which of the following is an element generally agreed to constitute a culture?

A. A common heritage and history that is passed from one generation to the next.

B. Shared values, beliefs, customs, behaviors, traditions, institutions, arts, folklore, and lifestyle.

C. Patterns of dress and diet.

D. All of the above.


What Is Race?

9. Race is determined by a genetic basis.

A. True

B. False


10. Race is a social construct that describes people with shared physical characteristics.

A. True

B. False


11. Today, African American culture embodies elements of all of the following cultural groups, except:

A. Caribbean

B. Siberian

C. Latin American

D. European


What Is Ethnicity?

12. By definition, ethnicity is an explicitly cultural phenomenon.  It is based on a shared cultural or family heritage as well as shared values and beliefs rather than shared physical characteristics.

A. True

B. False


What Is Cultural Identity?

13. All of the following statements are true, except:

A. Cultural identities are not static, they develop and change across stages of the life cycle.

B. All people, regardless of race or ethnicity, develop a cultural identity.

C. Individuals can hold only one cultural identity at a time.

D. Some of the factors that are likely to vary among members of the same culture include socioeconomic status, geographic location, gender, education level, occupational status, sexuality, and political and religious affiliations.


What Are the Cross-Cutting Factors in Race, Ethnicity, and Culture?

14. Language is a key element of culture and those who share an ethnicity share a language.

A. True

B. False


15. Geography can strongly affect which of the following?

A. Substance use and abuse

B. Mental health and well-being

C. Access to and use of health services

D. All of the above


16. Individuals born or living in which of the following areas may be at greater risk for serious mental illness?

A. Urban areas

B. Rural areas

C. Non-metropolitan areas

D. None of the above


17. In societies with more egalitarian relationships between men and women, women typically consume more alcohol and have drinking patters more closely resembling those of men in the society.

A. True

B. False


18. Which immigrant group has the highest level of education in the United States?

A. White immigrants

B. African immigrants

C. Asian immigrants

D. Hispanic immigrants


19. Increased acculturation is typically associated with decreased substance use and substance use disorders.

A. True

B. False


20. In general, cultural groups differ in all of the following, except:

A. How they define and determine health and illness.

B. Who is allowed to be treated for an illness.

C. Their beliefs about the causes of illness.

D. Which members of a community or family can make decisions about health care.


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