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Injury Prevention in Elderly Care

Introduction

1. Nursing homes that have implemented injury prevention efforts have experienced several benefits. Which is not a benefit mentioned in this paper?

A. Reducing work related injuries and the worker's comp costs associated with them

B. Reducing staff turnover and associated training and administrative costs

C. Fewer lawsuits

D. Reduced absenteeism

E. Increased productivity


2. Risk factors that workers in nursing homes face include:

A. Force

B. Repetition

C. Awkward positions

D. All of the above

E. A and B above


A Process for Protecting Workers

3. According to this paper ensuring a safe and healthful workplace can only be achieved with active support of management.

A. True

B. False


4. Employee involvement is another key element in a program to prevent MSDs. Which of the following is not stated as a benefit of having employees involved?

A. Problem-solving capabilities

B. Hazard identification assistance

C. Technical expertise in mitigating hazards

D. Enhanced worker motivation and job satisfaction

E. Greater acceptance when changes are made in the workplace.


5. It is important to have a systematic method for identifying ergonomic concerns.

A. True

B. False


6. Identifying ergonomic risks is usually all it takes for workers to avoid getting MSDs. No further action is necessary.

A. True

B. False


7. Prompt reporting, early diagnosis and intervention for MSDs has several benefits for a nursing home, including:

A. Limiting the severity of an injury

B. Improving the effectiveness of treatment

C. Minimizing the likelihood of disability or permanent damage

D. Reduce the amount of associated workers’ compensation claims and costs

E. All of the above


A Identifying Problems and Implementing Solutions for Resident Lifting and Repositioning

8. An analysis of resident lifting and repositioning tasks requires assessing the needs and abilities of each resident. Which of the following is does not need to be part of such an assessment?

A. The level of assistance the resident requires

B. The size and weight of the resident

C. The strength needed of a worker to lift the resident

D. The ability and willingness of the resident to understand and cooperate

E. Medical conditions that may influence the choice of methods for lifting or repositioning


9. Which of the following statements is/are true according to this paper?

A. Integration of various solutions into the nursing home is a strategic decision that, when carefully planned and executed, will lead to long-term benefits.

B. Equipment must meet applicable regulations regarding equipment design and use such as the restraint regulations from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid.

C. Administrators should follow any manufacturers’ recommendations and review guidelines to help ensure patient safety.

D. A and B above.

E. A, B and C above.


10. Powered sit-to-stand or standing assist devices can be used:

A. To transfer a resident from bed to chair and vice versa

B. For bathing or toileting

C. To help residents with standing exercises

D. A and B above

E. A, B and C above


11. An ambulation assist device can be used with residents who are weight bearing and cooperative and who need extra security and assistance when walking.

A. True

B. False


12. When using a transfer board to transfer a resident from one level surface to another it is important to remember:

A. More than one caregiver is needed to perform a lateral transfer

B. You need to ensure clothing is present between the resident’s skin and the transfer device

C. You should ensure wheels on the bed or chair you are transferring to are locked and the transfer surfaces are at same level

D. B and C above

E. A, B and C above


13. If you have partial or non-weight-bearing residents who periodically need to be weighed, which of the devices below is not relevant?

A. Scales with ramps to accommodate wheelchairs

B. Portable-powered lift devices with built-in scales

C. Beds with built-in scales

D. A portable laser scale


14. When using a gait belt/transfer belt with handles to help a resident transfer, two important things to remember are:

A. 1) More than one caregiver may be needed. 2) Belts with padded handles are easier to grip, increasing security and control.

B. 1) Always transfer to resident’s strongest side. 2) Pull up with a lifting motion when using a belt.

C. 1) Always transfer to resident’s strongest side. 2) Keep the resident as far as possible from the caregiver during transfer.


Identifying Problems and Implementing Solutions for Activities Other than Resident Lifting and Repositioning

15. Some activities other than resident lifting that a nursing home operator may want to review for safety are:

A. Bending to make a bed or feed a resident

B. Lifting food trays above shoulder level or below knee level

C. Sitting for long periods filling out paperwork

D. A and B above

E. A, B and C above


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