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Impaired Driving Leadership Model: Case Studies

Executive Summary

1. Highway Safety Program Guideline No. 8, Impaired Driving, and past research have identified _____ as a critical component of effective highway safety programs, especially in the area of impaired driving.

A. Documentation

B. Strong leadership

C. Teamwork

D. Strategic planning


2. During the development of the strategic plans, _____ was vital to determine which impaired-driving assessment recommendations would be adopted or modified in the State’s strategic plan.

A. Documentation

B. Strong leadership

C. Teamwork

D. Coordination and communication


3. Which leadership style is the process of inspiring a group to pursue goals and attain results?

A. Transformational leadership

B. Charismatic leadership

C. Collective leadership

D. Pragmatic leadership


4. Which leadership style emphasizes the application of in-depth understanding over the issues at hand, identifying significant problems and devising actions that can bring about solutions?

A. Transformational leadership

B. Charismatic leadership

C. Collective leadership

D. Pragmatic leadership


Introduction

5. Alcohol involvement in fatal motor vehicle crashes is most prevalent among all of the following, except:

A. At night

B. On weekends

C. Among young females

D. Among motorcycle riders


6. The most frequently recorded BAC among drinking drivers in fatal crashes in 2015 was 0.08 g/dL.

A. True

B. False


7. Each State should include all of the following as part of its impaired driving program, except:

A. Task Forces or Commissions

B. Strategic Planning

C. Sobriety Checkpoints

D. Program Management


Case Studies

8. Following New Mexico’s implementation of the Impaired-Driving Leadership Model, there was found to be a causal relationship between the decline in impaired-driving fatalities over time and the Leadership Model.

A. True

B. False


9. Washington State was able to demonstrate that the Leadership Model developed in New Mexico could be adapted and refined so that it could be implemented efficiently and effectively in another State, even without a Governor who campaigned on a promise to reduce impaired-driving fatalities and without appointing a DWI Czar.

A. True

B. False


Leadership Model - Key Elements

10. For all three States, the process to develop and implement Leadership Models started with:

A. An impaired driving strategic plan

B. An impaired driving assessment

C. Assembling leadership teams

D. A program management agenda


11. Which of the following contained specific action steps to be taken?

A. An impaired driving strategic plan

B. An impaired driving assessment

C. Assembling leadership teams

D. A program management agenda


12. Oklahoma identified all of the following specific action items that the State considered vital to the improvement of Oklahoma’s impaired driving system, except for:

A. Integrate the current administrative driver license system with the current judicial system for impaired driving offenders.

B. Enhance accountability for DUI offenders by limiting jurisdiction for impaired driving cases to District Courts, Municipal Courts of Record, and proposed Certified Impaired-Driving Municipal Courts of Record.

C. Create an inclusive, statewide impaired driver tracking system.

D. Create a leadership team to review the report received from the impaired-driving assessment and develop the impaired-driving strategic plan.


Lessons Learned

13. Who became the central communication and coordinating centers for impaired driving projects and issues in each State?

A. Judges

B. The leadership teams

C. Probation officers

D. DWI Czars


14. All of the following were the primary documents that provided structural support to the Leadership Model process in each State, except for:

A. The impaired-driving assessment

B. The State’s impaired-driving strategic plan

C. Progress reports for the Governor’s Office

D. All documents used were key primary documents to provide structural support to the Leadership Model process


15. Transformational / charismatic leadership is appropriate in situations under which large-scale change is being sought.

A. True

B. False


Uniform Guidelines for State Highway Safety Programs

16. An effective impaired driving program should be based on:

A. Strong leadership

B. Sound policy development

C. An effective communication program

D. An effective impaired driving program should be based on strong leadership, sound policy development, program management and strategic planning, and an effective communication program


17. Program efforts should be all of the following, except:

A. Data-driven

B. Focused on all populations and geographic areas equally

C. Science-based

D. Determined through independent evaluation as likely to succeed


18. Programs and activities should be guided by problem identification and carefully managed and monitored for effectiveness.

A. True

B. False


19. Each State should develop and implement a comprehensive communications program that supports priority policies and program efforts and is directed at:

A. Impaired driving

B. Underage drinking

C. Reducing the risk of injury, death, and resulting medical, legal, social, and other costs

D. A comprehensive communications program should be directed at impaired driving, underage drinking, and reducing the risk of injury, death, and resulting medical, legal, social, and other costs


20. Prevention programs should aim to reduce impaired driving through public health approaches, including altering social norms, changing risky or dangerous behaviors, and creating safer environments.

A. True

B. False


Criminal Justice System

21. General deterrence focuses on individual offenders and seeks to ensure that impaired drivers will be detected, arrested, prosecuted, and subject to swift, sure, and appropriate sanctions.

A. True

B. False


22. To maximize visibility, States should maximize contact between officers and drivers using sobriety checkpoints and saturation patrols, but should not widely publicize these efforts before they occur.

A. True

B. False


23. All of the following are the most effective actions to prevent repeat impaired driving offenses, except for:

A. Revocation of an offender’s driver’s license

B. The impoundment, immobilization, or forfeiture of a vehicle

C. Publishing on social media the names of those arrested for impaired driving

D. The use of ignition interlock devices


Alcohol and Other Drug Misuse: Screening, Assessment, Treatment and Rehabilitation

24. Many first-time impaired driving offenders and most repeat offenders have alcohol or other drug abuse or dependency problems.

A. True

B. False


25. Within the criminal justice system, people convicted of an impaired driving offense should be assessed to determine whether they have an alcohol or drug abuse problem and whether they need treatment.  This assessment should be required by law and completed prior to sentencing or reaching a plea agreement.

A. True

B. False


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