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Impact of Homelessness on Family Structure and Child Well Being

1. The rates of separations between mothers and children of families who use emergency shelters are no higher than those of poor housed families.

A. True

B. False


2. Separation from parents and the child’s family of origin can be a predictor of future homelessness in adulthood.

A. True

B. False


3. After 20 months, more adult partners were reunited with families than were separated.

A. True

B. False


4. A _____ effect, or elevated scrutiny by shelter staff of families and their parenting practices, may make families who stay in emergency shelter or transitional housing programs at greater likelihood to foster care placements.

A. Fishbowl

B. Ladder

C. Micromanagement

D. Magnifying glass


5. Families who reported a child separated from the family while in shelter were more likely twenty months later than families without such a separation to have:

A. Spent at least one night in a shelter or a place not suitable for human habitation.

B. Been doubled up with another family at some time during the prior six months.

C. Had a stay in emergency shelter during the prior 12 months.

D. Families who reported a child separated from the family while in shelter were more likely twenty months later than families without such a separation to have spent at least one night in a shelter or a place not suitable for human habitation, to have been doubled up with another family at some time during the prior six months, or to have had a stay in emergency shelter during the prior 12 months.


6. Twenty months after staying in emergency shelter, families who had experienced recent housing instability were more likely to report that a child or partner was separated from the family.

A. True

B. False


7. Emergency shelters that receive HUD funding are now required to permit adolescent males and male heads of households to stay with their families.

A. True

B. False


8. The apparent relationship between housing instability and child separations suggest that:

A. Efforts to reduce homelessness may have an added effect of reducing family separations.

B. Efforts to reduce family separations may have an added effect of reducing homelessness.

C. Efforts to reduce homelessness may have an added effect of reducing family separations, and efforts to reduce family separations may have an added effect of reducing homelessness.

D. Neither efforts to reduce homelessness nor efforts to reduce family separation will have an added effect on the other.


9. Enrollment in all of the following was lower for families who had experienced housing instability in the past six months compared to those who had been stably re-housed, except for:

A. Early education

B. Head Start programs

C. Center-based care

D. Housing instability were associated with lower enrollment in early education, Head Start programs, and center-based care


10. The age at which a person in the United States is most likely to stay in a homeless shelter is:

A. Infancy

B. Early education years

C. Adolescence

D. Adulthood


11. Parents of 3- and 4-year-olds who have stayed in emergency shelter with their families reported higher rates of _____ compared to national norms.

A. Cognitive developmental delays

B. Activity and movement developmental delays

C. Delays in fine motor skills

D. Behavioral challenges


12. Almost twice as many children who have stayed in emergency shelter with their families scored above the screening cutoff for _____ compared to national norms.

A. Conduct problems

B. Hyperactivity

C. Peer problems

D. Emotional problems


13. Changes in child care arrangements are not uncommon for young children, but they may do all of the following, except:

A. Disrupt attachments formed with their caregivers.

B. Increase the risk of behavioral problems.

C. Lead to low pro-social behaviors.

D. Negatively affect cognitive development.


14. The strongest relationship with care instability among children who had been in two or more care arrangements was:

A. Increased problems in children’s peer relationships.

B. Decreased reading readiness.

C. Decreased math readiness.

D. Care instability was strongly associated with increased problems in children’s peer relationships and decreased reading and math readiness.


15. All of the following were more likely to receive TANF cash assistance, except for:

A. Younger parents

B. Parents with more children

C. Parents with younger children

D. Unmarried parents


16. Lack of participation in benefit programs distinguish families who become homeless from those who do not.

A. True

B. False


17. Which of the following was negatively related to receipt of TANF?

A. Younger age children

B. Having fewer children

C. Marriage of parents

D. Younger age of parents


18. The same demographic characteristics associated with receipt of TANF cash assistance were also associated with receipt of:

A. SNAP benefits

B. Publicly funded health insurance

C. Both SNAP benefits and publicly funded health insurance

D. Neither SNAP benefits nor publicly funded health insurance


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