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HIV AIDS Among Special Populations (Update)

1. Which of the following is an accurate statement about recent HIV and AIDS diagnoses?

A. Among men who have sex with men (MSM) in 2011 in the United States, black/African American MSM accounted for 35% of diagnoses of HIV infection, followed by Hispanic/Latino MSM with 28%

B. In 2010, there were an estimated 338,405 MSM living with diagnosed HIV infection

C. Young black/African American MSM accounted for more than half of new infections among MSM aged 13 to 24

D. In 2010, there were an estimated 8940 new HIV infections among black/African American MSM


Prevention Challenges

2. Stigma, homophobia, and discrimination put MSM of all races and ethnicities at risk for multiple physical and mental health problems, and may affect whether MSM seek and are able to receive high-quality health services, including HIV testing, treatment, and other prevention services.

A. True

B. False


HIV Infection Among Transgender People-The Numbers

3. A study of HIV infection among transgender people in New York City indicated that approximately 85% of new cases were among transgender men.

A. True

B. False


Prevention Challenges

4. Cultural, socioeconomic, and health-related factors that contribute to the HIV epidemic and prevention challenges in the U.S. transgender community include each of the following EXCEPT:

A. Higher rates of drug and alcohol abuse

B. Sex work and incarceration

C. Stigma and lack of familial support

D. Lower income and educational attainment


HIV Among Latinos

5. Estimates indicate that at some point in life, ______ Latino men will be diagnosed with HIV, as will ______ Latina women.

A. 1 in 36; 1 in 106

B. 1 in 45; 1 in 95

C. 1 in 58; 1 in 88

D. 1 in 62; 1 in 72


Prevention Challenges

6. Due to fear of disclosure, undocumented immigrants may be less likely to access HIV prevention services, get an HIV test, or receive adequate treatment and care if living with HIV.

A. True

B. False


HIV Among Women-The Numbers

7. In 2010, young women aged 18 to 24 accounted for the majority of new HIV infections among women.

A. True

B. False


Prevention Challenges

8. Since some sexually transmitted diseases greatly increase the likelihood of acquiring or transmitting HIV, higher rates of STDs among women of color may contribute to the higher number of HIV among these populations.

A. True

B. False


HIV Among American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/AN)

9. When compared with other racial/ethnic groups, AI/AN ranked fifth in estimated rates of HIV infection diagnoses in 2011, with lower rates than blacks/African Americans, Hispanics/Latinos, Native Hawaiians/Other Pacific Islanders, and people reporting multiple races, but higher rates than Asians and whites.

A. True

B. False


HIV Among Youth

10. With regards to youth, which of the following in NOT one of the groups disproportionately affected by HIV?

A. Young gay men

B. Young bisexual men

C. Young African Americans

D. Young Latino MSM


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