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HIV AIDS Introduction for Clinicians

HIV/AIDS: The Basics

1. Antiretroviral therapy cannot cure HIV infection, but it can help people infected with HIV live longer, healthier lives.

A. True

B. False


2. HIV attacks and destroys which cells of the immune system?

A. CD3

B. CD4

C. CD8

D. CD22


3. HIV is spread through all of the following except which method?

A. Saliva

B. Breast milk

C. Blood

D. Vaginal fluids


4. A person can get HIV from contact with objects such as toilet seats.

A. True

B. False


The Stages of HIV Infection

5. Without treatment, people with AIDS typically survive about _____ years.

A. 1

B. 2

C. 3

D. 4


HIV Testing

6. HIV testing not only detects HIV infection, but can also tell how long a person has been infected with HIV or if the person has AIDS.

A. True

B. False


7. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends HIV testing for everyone between which ages as part of routine medical care?

A. 12 to 24

B. 14 to 59

C. 11 to 80

D. 13 to 64


8. CDC recommends HIV testing at least one a year for people at high risk of HIV infection.  Which of the following increases the risk of HIV infection?

A. Having sex with many partners.

B. Exchanging sex for money or drugs.

C. Having a sexually transmitted disease such as syphilis.

D. All of the above.


9. Babies born to HIV-infected women receive HIV medicines for 6 weeks after birth to reduce the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV.

A. True

B. False


10. The time period between infection with HIV and the appearance of detectable HIV antibodies is called the window period, which is when the level of antibodies in the body is too low to be detected by an HIV antibody test.

A. True

B. False


11. Which HIV test can detect HIV in a person’s blood within 9 to 11 days after the person is infected?

A. The HIV antibody test

B. The HIV RNA test

C. The Western blot test

D. The approved home test


12. There is an approved home use test that involves swabbing the gums with a test device and then inserting the device into a test solution.  Results can be read at home in 20 to 40 minutes.

A. True

B. False


HIV/AIDS Clinical Trials

13. Clinical trials are the fastest way to determine if new medical approaches are safe and effective in people.

A. True

B. False


The Basics of HIV Prevention

14. Which of the following should not be shared with a person that is HIV positive?

A. Toothbrushes

B. Towels

C. Kitchen utensils

D. All of the above


Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV

15. Mother-to-child transmission is the most common way that children become infected with HIV.

A. True

B. False


16. It was once thought that HIV can be spread in food that was previously chewed by a person infected with HIV, but it has now been shown to be a myth.

A. True

B. False


Just Diagnosed: Next Steps After Testing Positive for HIV

17. The purpose of a baseline evaluation is to:

A. Determine the stage of a person’s HIV infection.

B. Evaluate the person’s readiness to start treatment.

C. Collect information to guide selection of the person’s first HIV regimen.

D. All of the above.


18. A goal of HIV treatment is to do which of the following?

A. Keep a person’s viral load so low that the virus can’t be detected.

B. Keep a person’s viral load high enough so that the virus can be detected.

C. Prevent the viral load from becoming too low as patients will stop treatment.

D. None of the above.


When to Start Antiretroviral Therapy

19. The HHS guidelines recommend ART for everyone with HIV, but the recommendation is strongest for those with CD4 counts less than _____ cells/mm3?

A. 500

B. 425

C. 350

D. None of the above


20. Once a person starts taking HIV medicines, an increasing viral load is a sign that the immune system is recovering.

A. True

B. False


What to Start: Selecting a First HIV Regimen

21. Which of the following is not true regarding a viral load?

A. An undetectable viral load is the best sign that HIV treatment is effective.

B. Once a person starts treatment, it’s possible to have an undetectable viral load within 3 to 6 months.

C. Having an undetectable viral load means a person’s HIV is cured.

D. All of the above are true statements.


Drug Resistance

22. Because drug-resistant HIV can spread from person to person, some people are initially infected with a drug-resistant strain of HIV.

A. True

B. False


23. Cross resistance is when resistance to one HIV medicine causes resistance to other medicines in a different HIV drug class.

A. True

B. False


Following an HIV Regimen: Steps to Take Before and After Starting HIV Medicines

24. If a dose of medicine was missed, a double dose should be taken to make up for the missed dose.

A. True

B. False


HIV and Immunizations

25. Which of the following vaccines are recommend for people with HIV?

A. Hepatitis B

B. Influenza

C. Human papillomavirus

D. All of the above


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