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Heroin Update

1. Highly pure heroin can be snorted or smoked and may be more appealing to new users because it eliminates the stigma associated with injection drug use.

A. True

B. False

2. Since 2007, the greatest increase in heroin use is among those aged:

A. 12 to 17 years

B. 18 to 25 years

C. 26 to 39 years

D. 40 years and older

3. When mu-opioid receptors are activated in the reward center of the brain, they stimulate the release of _____, causing a reinforcement of drug taking behavior.

A. Serotonin

B. Cortisol

C. Epinephrine

D. Dopamine

4. Once heroin enters the brain, it is converted to:

A. Morphine

B. Dopamine

C. Oxycontin

D. Codeine

5. Studies have shown some deterioration of the brain’s white matter due to heroin use, which may affect decision-making abilities, the ability to regulate behavior, and responses to stressful situations.

A. True

B. False

6. Almost 100% of opioid deaths in the U.S. involve heroin.

A. True

B. False

7. Methadone is:

A. An opioid antagonist

B. A partial opioid agonist

C. An opioid agonist

D. Methadone does not fall into any of the opioid agonist / antagonist categories

8. A person who is experiencing an opioid overdose should never be given more than one dose of naloxone in any 24-hour period.

A. True

B. False

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