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Guidelines for the Successful Transition of People with Behavioral Health Disorders from Jail and Prison

Introduction

1. Reentry into the community is a vulnerable time, marked by difficulties adjusting, increased drug use, and a 12-fold increased risk of death in the first _______ after release.

A. 2 weeks

B. 4 weeks

C. 2 months

D. 6 months


2. Effective transition planning and implementation can:

A. Minimize the risk of reentry hazards.

B. Enhance public safety by increasing the possibility that individuals will participate in and complete supervision and treatment requirements.

C. Improve individual outcomes.

D. All of the above.


3. Misunderstandings about behavioral health care’s, corrections’, and community corrections administrators’ capacity, abilities, and roles - as well as appropriate types of referrals - have contributed to the overrepresentation of behavioral health disorders in the criminal justice system.

A. True

B. False


4. Addressing individuals’ barriers to learning in the design of treatment interventions revolves around which principle of the Risk-Need-Responsivity model?

A. Risk Principle

B. Need Principle

C. Responsivity Principle

D. All of the above


Assess - Guidelines 1 & 2

5. To identify individuals’ needs that affect their likelihood of achieving positive criminal justice and other recovery outcomes, providers and criminal justice agencies should develop a comprehensive approach to screen and assess for:

A. Criminogenic risk

B. Behavioral health needs

C. Medical needs

D. All of the above


6. Screening is the first step in understanding the nature and severity of an individual’s behavioral health needs and determines what kind of problem the person might have and how serious it might be.

A. True

B. False


7. Adventurous, pleasure-seeking, weak self-control, and restlessly aggressive are all descriptions of which risk factor that places a person at risk for future criminal behavior?

A. Antisocial Behavior

B. Antisocial Personality Pattern

C. Antisocial Cognition

D. All of the above


8. The assessment process should involve obtaining information on:

A. Basic demographics and pathways to criminal involvement.

B. Strengths and protective factors.

C. Public safety risks and needs, including changeable and unchangeable risk factors, or behaviors and attitudes that research indicates are relating to criminal behavior.

D. All of the above.


9. For individuals in jail, the time for assessment is dependent on the time that the individual spends in jail.

A. True

B. False


Plan - Guidelines 3 & 4

10. Shifting programmatic focus from prioritizing services and treatment for people who may be less motivated or willing to participate to those who volunteer or demonstrate a willingness to participate in services is an important aspect of effective RNR practice.

A. True

B. False


11. Research indicates that targeting as many criminogenic needs as possible, as opposed to just one or two, has more impact on recidivism.

A. True

B. False


12. Which type of individual will likely need intensive monitoring and supervision, and minimal to no formal treatment intervention?

A. Individuals with high criminogenic risk and high behavioral health needs.

B. Individuals with high criminogenic risk and without significant behavioral health disorders.

C. Individuals with low criminogenic risk and high behavioral health needs.

D. Individuals with low criminogenic risk and without significant behavioral health disorders.


Identify - Guidelines 5 & 6

13. Each of the following is true with regard to Critical Time Intervention, except for:

A. CTI follows trauma-informed care practices and incorporates trauma-specific strategies and interventions.

B. CTI is an intensive, time-limited case management model that uses three phases to support transitions from institutional settings into community settings.

C. CTI combines several evidence-based tools, including cognitive behavioral therapy, illness management, supported housing, integrated dual disorder treatment, and motivational enhancement.

D. CTI suits the transitional nature of the reentry process, the complexity of service and treatment needs, and the demand for individualized services.


Coordinate - Guidelines 7 - 10

14. Staff should be trained on how to handle the “treater-turned-monitor dilemma” in which they may be tempted to engage in so-called “benevolent coercion” and use returning to jail or prison as a threat to get individuals to comply with treatment.

A. True

B. False


Appendix B

15. Once a person is discharged from the facility, HIPAA rules apply to the sharing of a person’s health information, which does not permit sharing information without authorization or consent.

A. True

B. False


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