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Frontal Temporal Disorders (Update)

1. Frontotemporal lobar degeneration is the most common cause of dementia in people younger than age 65.

A. True

B. False


2. As of today, there is no cure for frontotemporal disorders, but treatments can slow the progression.

A. True

B. False


3. When the frontal lobes are damaged, people may focus on insignificant details and ignore important aspects of a situation or engage in purposeless activities.

A. True

B. False


4. Which of the following is the most typical difficulty of primary progressive aphasia?

A. Impulsive behaviors

B. Emotional flatness

C. Language problems

D. Muscle rigidity


5. Omitting words that link nouns and verbs is a symptom of which type of progressive language decline?

A. Semantic PPA

B. Agrammatic PPA

C. Logopenic PPA

D. All forms of progressive language decline omit words that link nouns and verbs


6. The most common frontotemporal disorder, behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia, involves changes in:

A. Personality

B. Behavior

C. Judgment

D. bvFTD involves changes in personality, behavior, and judgment


7. All of the following pertain to logopenic PPA, except for:

A. The person has trouble finding the right words during conversation.

B. The person has problems with grammar.

C. The person can understand words.

D. The person can understand sentences.


8. The most prominent symptom of corticobasal syndrome is:

A. The inability to use the hands or arms to perform a movement despite normal strength.

B. The loss of facial expression.

C. Trouble with eye movements, particularly looking down.

D. Have stiffness, especially in the neck and upper body.


9. A hallmark sign of progressive supranuclear palsy is:

A. The inability to use the hands or arms to perform a movement despite normal strength.

B. The loss of facial expression.

C. Trouble with eye movements, particularly looking down.

D. Have stiffness, especially in the neck and upper body.


10. During FTLD, tau and TDP-43 proteins occur naturally in the body and help cells function properly, but when the proteins do not work properly and accumulate in cells, neurons in specific brain regions are damaged.

A. True

B. False


11. No single test can be used to diagnose a frontotemporal disorder.

A. True

B. False


12. A person picking up the telephone receiver while walking past it when the phone is not ringing and the person does not intend to place a call, is an example of which kind of behavioral symptom?

A. Utilization behavior

B. Perseveration

C. Social disinhibition

D. Problems with executive functioning


13. To deal with apathy, a caregiver should do all of the following, except:

A. Limit choices

B. Offer specific choices

C. Use open-ended questions

D. A caregiver should limit choices, offer specific choices, and use open-ended questions


14. Which issue of progressive supranuclear palsy will medication be helpful for?

A. Speech problems

B. Vision trouble

C. Swallowing difficulties

D. Balance problems


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