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Focus On Prevention

The Strategic Prevention Framework

1. Successful prevention:

A. Decreases risk factors

B. Enhances protective factors

C. Both (A) and (B)

D. None of the above


Prevention Theory

2. Engaging in substance use prevention means that you are trying to affect the way people _____ with regard to alcohol, tobacco, and drugs.

A. Think

B. Feel

C. Act

D. All of the above


3. To make a lasting difference, prevention efforts need to address which part of the public health model?

A. The agent

B. The host

C. The environment

D. All of the above


4. During which stage of change does a person begin to consider a change and weigh the costs and benefits of changing?

A. Precontemplation

B. Contemplation

C. Preparation

D. Action


5. To apply the Stanford communication / behavior change model, prevention planners must:

A. Determine where the target audience stands in the change sequence.

B. Raise awareness of an issue.

C. Change what people know, believe, and think about the promoted behavior.

D. Teach the skills needed to perform the behavior.


Risk and Protection

6. The more risk factors a young person has, the more likely it is that he or she may use harmful substances and face related problems.

A. True

B. False


7. The more protective factors a young person has, the less likely it is that he or she will try alcohol, tobacco, or illicit drugs.

A. True

B. False


8. The effect of risk and protective factors depends on:

A. The number of factors that occur at the same time.

B. How intense they are.

C. How long they last.

D. All of the above.


9. All risk and protective factors are able to be changed.

A. True

B. False


Community Needs

10. What is the first step in developing a behavioral health prevention or promotion strategy that best fits the community of interest?

A. Evaluation

B. Assessment

C. Design

D. Implementation


11. Assessment results may show that delivering prevention or promotion services to all students could leave those at highest risk for substance use lacking additional help that is more specific to their needs.

A. True

B. False


Strategies That Work

12. More effective for youths at high risk for using alcohol and other drugs than life skills training by itself is prevention the blends all of the following, except:

A. Tighter zoning restrictions on alcohol outlets

B. Life skills training

C. Mentoring

D. Activities to increase parent involvement


Issues and Audiences

13. Care in choosing a _____ is key to establishing a winning substance use prevention strategy.

A. Specific prevention issue

B. Target audience

C. Both (A) and (B)

D. None of the above


14. There is no difference in marijuana use among teens who say that their parents would strongly disapprove of them trying it and those who think that their parents would not strongly disapprove.

A. True

B. False


Social Marketing

15. Which of the following is a cost of social marketing?

A. Physical discomfort

B. Time

C. Inconvenience

D. All of the above


16. Social marketing:

A. Competes mainly with other companies to provide what the audience wants.

B. Encourages change and competes mainly with the audience’s own beliefs and behaviors.

C. Both (A) and (B).

D. None of the above.


17. Using the same number of ads over a longer period of time works better than putting out information in high-frequency bursts.

A. True

B. False


Media and Social Media

18. To include media in a prevention strategy, one must:

A. Earn coverage

B. Pay for it

C. Either (A) and/or (B)

D. None of the above


19. Which of the following connects personally with each and every user?

A. Social media

B. Broadcasts

C. Mass media

D. All of the above


Evaluation

20. The information collected should reflect the _____ that describe the substance use prevention strategy.

A. Aims

B. Audience

C. Activities

D. All of the above


21. Many listeners will not digest more than a few major points, so audiences should be given the information they need without overwhelming them.

A. True

B. False


Event Timeline

22. One of the first steps in planning a successful prevention event is to develop a detailed timeline of tasks.

A. True

B. False


23. All of the following should be completed 120 or more days prior to the prevention event, except for:

A. Identify event committee chairperson, form task-specific teams, and assign specific duties to each team.

B. Identify target audience(s).

C. Create a marketing strategy.

D. Pick location for event.


24. When performing the evaluation and assessment, which of the following should be performed between 60 and 90 days prior to the event?

A. Determine the objectives of your organization’s event.

B. Decide upon specific evaluation measures and target outcomes, and solidify a process for capturing the data.

C. Develop a feedback / evaluation form for event planners and/or participants to collect information about outcomes.

D. Disseminate feedback / evaluation form to event planners and/or participants with instructions for how to complete the forms.


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