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Family Violence: Treatment of Perpetrators and Victims

Incidence of Marital Distress

1. Which of the following accurately describes marriage and divorce statistics?

A. In the U.S., approximately 85% of adults will marry, and approximately 40% to 45% of first marriages will end in divorce

B. Approximately 25% of couples are divorced within 5 years of marriage, and the average divorcing couple will stay married for approximately 9 years

C. In the 1920's, 1 of 7 marriages ended in divorce, in the 1950's, the divorce rate was 1 in 5, and by the 1990's, almost 1 in 2 marriages ended in divorce

D. Following divorce, 70% of individuals will eventually remarry, and half of those remarriages will end in divorce


Incidence of Marital Violence and Partner Abuse

2. A World Health Organization and United Nations’ Report indicates that violence against women is “severe, pervasive and worldwide,” and at least one in three women is subjected to intimate partner violence in the course of her lifetime.

A. True

B. False


3. Approximately one-third of the violent episodes reported in intimate relationships involved men and women being mutually aggressive, with a moderate amount of violence in intimate relationships being initiated by women.

A. True

B. False


Incidence of Child Abuse and Maltreatment

4. For husbands, the risk of child abuse escalates from ____ with a single act of partner aggression in a year to nearly ____ when the incidence of partner aggression occurs once a week.

A. 20%; 85%

B. 15%; 90%

C. 10%; 95%

D. 5%; 100%


Risk Factors for Intimate Partner Violence: How to Make Good Decisions

5. Each of the following are potential developmental risk factors for intimate partner violence EXCEPT:

A. Early onset of aggressive behavior, including a history of getting into trouble with the law before age 14

B. Low level of education and poor reading comprehension skills

C. History of substance abuse or gang involvement

D. Presence of a developmental psychiatric diagnosis


Characteristics of Relationship Behaviors of Prospective Partner, Both Present and Past

6. Living together before marriage generally decreases the likelihood of violence, because partners are more likely to leave an abusive relationship if they are not yet married.

A. True

B. False


“Danger Signs” of Violence Potential in Prospective Partner (VPPP)

7. Family risk factors for violence potential include frequent family conflict and violent behavior, harsh punishment styles, and the absence or loss of family support.

A. True

B. False


Assessment of Women

8. A face-to-face interview with a qualified professional in a private setting is the most effective way to screen a woman for domestic violence.

A. True

B. False


Assessment of Distressed Couples

9. When conducting an assessment with distressed couples, it is important to initially foster a therapeutic alliance that conveys:

A. Trust and empowerment

B. Respect and collaboration

C. Safety and empathy

D. Determination and hope


10. The extent, depth and timing of the assessment measures should match the couple's comfort level.

A. True

B. False


Considerations in Formulating Assessment and Treatment Decisions in Working with Children

11. Abusive families tend to be more socially isolated, have more rigid patterns of interaction, and:

A. Value family control over individual behavior

B. Are more likely to have authoritarian interpersonal styles

C. Have significantly higher levels of marital and sexual relationship dissatisfaction

D. All of the above


How Can Doctors Respond to Domestic Violence?

12. Women who are physically abused by a partner rarely discuss these incidents with their physicians, so doctors need to actively seek this kind of information, especially when patients report chronic pain or are overusing the healthcare services.

A. True

B. False


Treatment Options

13. Gender specific groups that focus on anger management procedures and the participants' beliefs in the use of aggression toward partners during conflicts are part of which treatment option?

A. Integrated Multifaceted Community-Based Programs

B. Batterer’s Intervention Programs

C. Conjoint Treatment for Intimate Partner Violence

D. Prevention and Relationship Education Programs


Outcomes of Treatment with Batterers

14. Approximately 55% of men who complete group intervention programs for domestic violence remain nonviolent in their intimate relationships, while nearly 30% continue to be severely violent even if they attend treatment.

A. True

B. False


Conjoint Treatment of Couples who Experience Low to Moderate Intimate Partner Violence

15. A recommended program for treating couples who have had extramarital affairs incorporates procedures from cognitive behavioral approaches, insight-oriented approaches, and _____________ approaches.

A. Crisis management

B. Stress reduction

C. Forgiveness

D. None of the above


Core Tasks of Treatment with Victims of Domestic Violence

16. When treating victims of domestic violence, steps include establishing and maintaining a therapeutic alliance, collaborating with the client in developing and implementing a safety plan, educating the client about the nature of domestic violence, and:

A. Encouraging optimism

B. Fostering independence

C. Creating expectations

D. Nurturing hope


17. Person-centered therapeutic techniques are recommended when addressing complicated grief reactions in victims of domestic violence.

A. True

B. False


Trauma-Specific Treatment Components for Children

18. When working with abused children and children who witness family violence, exposure-based interventions and story-telling should be avoided.

A. True

B. False


19. Which of the following is NOT included in the treatment protocol for traumatized children known by the acronym PRACTICE? 

A. Protecting and providing reassurances

B. Relaxation and affect modulation skills

C. Cognitive coping and processing skills

D. Trauma narrative and in vivo mastery


Prevention and Relationship Education Program (Prep)

20. The PREP program helps distressed couples by targeting key protective factors such as friendship, commitment, teamwork, fun, spiritual connection and sensuality.

A. True

B. False


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