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Environmental Strategies to Prevent Alcohol Problems on College Campuses

Introduction

1. The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism estimates that each year, drinking by college students has resulted in _____ deaths and ________ injuries.

A. 1200; 350,000

B. 1400; 400,000

C. 1600; 450,000

D. 1800; 500,000


The Challenges for Colleges and Universities in Dealing with Alcohol Problems

2. Many college students bring established drinking patterns to college, as well as strongly held expectations that drinking alcohol is an integral part of the college experience and the belief that to do so is their right.

A. True

B. False


Facts About College Drinking

3. Which of the following is an accurate statement about alcohol use among college students?

A. 68 percent of fraternity and 52 percent of sorority members are binge drinkers

B. 53 percent of male athletes and 44 percent of female athletes are binge drinkers

C. Frequent binge drinkers constitute less than one-quarter of all students (23 percent), but consume three-quarters (72 percent) of the alcohol that college students drink

D. About one in five college students (20%) reported having 10 or more drinks in a row at least once in the prior two weeks, and 4% (or 1 in 25) reported 15 or more drinks in a row


Applying Environmental Strategies to College Campuses

4. According to a 2010 progress report on college student alcohol use, recommendations and strong evidence of continued problems with heavy drinking have prompted most colleges to take steps to collaborate with local authorities or advocacy groups to implement needed strategies.

A. True

B. False


Environmental Prevention Strategies for Colleges and Universities-Campus Strategies

5. Although all students may be considered “at risk” as potential violators or victims of alcohol-related problems, the four main “at risk” groups that emerge from anecdotal and research observations include each of the following EXCEPT:

A. College freshmen

B. Students with depression or other mood disorders

C. Athletes

D. Greek-letter organizations


Table 2. Campus Strategies-Policies

6. A study of 14 California universities found that a combination of well-publicized rules, _____________ and penalties resulted in a reduction in heavy and risky drinking.

A. Enforcement

B. Education

C. Sober-free activities

D. None of the above


Social Norms Interventions

7. Western Washington University (WWU) found that using consistent normative messages about the moderate, non-problematic drinking of the majority of students has produced a 35 percent decrease in self-reported frequent heavy drinking among WWU students.

A. True

B. False


Parental Notification

8. Parental notification of student alcohol violations on and off campus has emerged as a promising environmental management strategy that has been anecdotally effective in reducing alcohol-related incidences.

A. True

B. False


Responsible Beverage Service (RBS) Programs

9. RBS programs provide training to managers in commercial establishments that focuses on:    

A. Increasing their awareness of the social and legal responsibilities associated with serving alcohol

B. Teaching them service intervention techniques, such as how to recognize fake IDs and signs of intoxication

C. How to find alternative transportation for impaired patrons

D. Providing an environment in which excessive alcohol use is not encouraged


Restrictions on Industry Marketing

10. The Center on Alcohol Marketing and Youth (CAMY) analyzed magazine alcohol ads costing almost $1 billion and found that 46 percent of the ad spending was placed in magazines with a disproportionate readership of youth, aged 12 to 20.

A. True

B. False


Caffeinated Alcoholic Beverages: A Dangerous Combination

11. One study found that bar patrons who consumed caffeinated alcoholic beverages had a four-fold risk of leaving the bar highly intoxicated compared to those who consumed alcohol without caffeine and a three-fold risk of intending to drive after leaving the bar.

A. True

B. False


Social Norms Interventions

12. In recent years, the most concerted efforts to change campus alcohol norms have been through:

A. Direct communication from administrators and faculty

B. Law enforcement directives

C. Social marketing strategies

D. Messages from student-run media


Substance-Free Housing

13. One study found that residence in substance-free housing was associated with a lower likelihood of heavy episodic drinking among college students who were not heavy episodic drinkers in high school and that these residents experienced fewer secondhand effects of alcohol use than residents of unrestricted housing.

A. True

B. False


Interventions with Campus Greek-Letter Organizations

14. According to researchers, the single strongest predictor of binge drinking for college students is fraternity or sorority residence or membership, so prevention efforts that focus on education and _________________ have been established within these organizations.

A. Personal development of members

B. Environmental changes

C. Risk management policies

D. Social norms


15. Some fraternities and sororities have been working with local police departments to address alcohol-related issues, and enforcement statistics show that members of Greek houses who have worked with the police while planning special events typically experienced fewer problems.

A. True

B. False


Campus-Community Collaborative Strategies

16. College students appear to be influenced by a myriad of environmental factors from outside the campus, including each of the following EXCEPT:

A. The alcohol service and advertising practices of local bars and taverns

B. The level of cooperation between the college and advocacy groups

C. The price of alcohol off campus

D. The extent to which State and local laws and policies are enforced


17. Key areas of collaboration that appear to be most conducive to changing college student behaviors include working on laws that restrict access, working for zoning reform to reduce the concentration of alcohol outlets near campus and supporting efforts of local enforcement agencies to enforce drinking-age laws.

A. True

B. False


Limitations on Commercial Availability

18. Researchers have surmised that regulation of marketing practices such as sale prices, promotions, and advertisements at retail outlets in the surrounding community could significantly reduce binge drinking and other alcohol on and off college campuses.

A. True

B. False


Limitations on Social Availability

19. The “Community Assisted Party Program” (CAPP) in San Diego has shifted the cost of additional service required to respond to community disturbances from enforcement to the university itself, which has resulted in stricter university regulations.

A. True

B. False


20. Campus community coalitions can cooperate to reduce the likelihood of alcohol related problems, such as impaired driving, by:  

A. Enforcing zero tolerance laws and social host liability laws

B. Increasing penalties for drinking and driving violations

C. Establishing carefully planned and administered safe rides programs in the community

D. All of the above


State-Level Public Policy

21. College administrators and faculty often hold significant prestige within the larger community beyond the school and, thus, are in a position to lend considerable weight to the public discourse on alcohol control policies.

A. True

B. False


22. State legislation has been implemented to limit the production of flavored malt beverages, known as ______________, that are designed to be youth friendly and contain the equivalent of 4.7 standard drinks of alcohol.

A. Tween treats

B. Blasters

C. Rocktails

D. Alcopops


Summary

23. The approach that affects whole populations and creates changes in the fundamental community-wide processes underlying substance abuse and has the potential to bring about relatively quick, dramatic, and enduring reductions in substance-abuse problems is:

A. Environmental management

B. Neighborhood direction

C. Public organization

D. Collective supervision


24. To mount comprehensive change efforts, schools have been encouraged to take action in the three spheres where they have influence: the parental/family unit, the institution, and the local community.

A. True

B. False


25. Campus-community coalitions can be used to create broad support for efforts to curtail student access to alcohol, reduce alcohol-related problems, and enhance relations between schools and their neighbors.

A. True

B. False


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