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Quantum Units Education®

Enhancing Permanency for Youth in Out-of-Home Care

The Importance of Focusing on Youth and Family Connections

1. At age 26, individuals who transition out of foster care experience which of the following when compared to youth of the same age in the general population?

A. More unemployment

B. Lower incomes

C. Poorer health

D. All of the above


Strategies for Permanency Planning with Youth

2. All of the following are true with regard to involving youth in permanency planning, except:

A. Youth can express their own ideas about how they want to achieve permanency and can help identify possible resources for legal, physical, and relational permanency.

B. Youth can supply information about family members, distant and near, as well as other people with whom they feel a connection.

C. Talking to youth and actively involving them in the permanency planning process can be very upsetting for them and will often hinder the transition to a new family or situation.

D. Youth who are involved in the planning process may take more responsibility for the success of the arrangement.


3. The most common case plan goal for youth is family reunification.

A. True

B. False


4. Guardians, who must be relatives, are given parental responsibility and authority for the youth by a court if the youth is reluctant to have their legal ties with their birth parents permanently severed.

A. True

B. False


5. Open adoption allows for both a permanent legal family for the youth and continued connections with birth parents, siblings, or other relatives.

A. True

B. False


6. Guardians may be eligible for financial support.

A. True

B. False


7. Efforts to recruit foster and adoptive families for youth can include all of the following, except:

A. Giving financial incentives for filling out an adoption application.

B. Getting the message to the public about older children available for fostering or adoption.

C. Highlighting the benefits of adopting youth.

D. Finding permanent connections for specific children.


8. Which of the following activities provide opportunities for youth to meet caring adults who might become permanent connections?

A. Job fairs

B. Teen conferences

C. Life skill groups

D. All of the above


9. Placement services should focus on all of the following, except:

A. Helping both the youth and the family decide whether the placement is desirable.

B. Providing the family with only the basic background information so not to break confidentiality policies.

C. Determining how and if connections to birth family members will be maintained.

D. Preparing both the family and the youth for typical transition issues.


10. Families may need postplacement services in all of the following areas, except:

A. Financial assistance or subsidies

B. Community services

C. Daily transportation services

D. Support groups


11. Which of the following is true with regard to permanency outcomes as found by Child and Family Services Review?

A. Frequency and quality of caseworker visits to both children and birth families are significantly associated with better permanency outcomes.

B. Frequent changes in the worker assigned to a case may result in disruptions in permanency planning for youth.

C. Staff training should include preparing both youth and families for permanency and providing postplacement support.

D. All of the above are true.


Barriers to Permanency for Youth

12. To make the permanent family connection for a child or youth go as quickly as possible, an agency should wait until parental rights have been terminated before considering alternative permanency plans.

A. True

B. False


13. Independent Living services are an important part of preparing youth for adulthood and are often sufficient to connect youth with permanent families or other permanent connections.

A. True

B. False


14. All of the following are ways that the court process may slow or hinder efforts toward permanency, except:

A. Parental parents filing complaints with the court system.

B. Lack of youth voice in court.

C. Judges who are reluctant to terminate parental rights.

D. Lack of a good working relationship between child welfare workers and courts.


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