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Quantum Units Education

Increasing the Effectiveness of Suicide Prevention Strategies

Executive Summary

1. States, tribes, and communities should consider building an infrastructure to support which stable, comprehensive, and coordinated suicide prevention effort?

A. Identifiable, sustained state / tribal / community-level leadership embedded within state / tribal government with the responsibility and authority to advance suicide prevention.

B. The presence of an active public-private coalition to ensure their efforts reach multiple sectors.

C. Both (A) and (B).

D. None of the above.

National Strategy for Suicide Prevention Goal-By-Goal Implementation Summary

2. State and tribal stakeholders report that receiving technical assistance from the Suicide Prevention Resource Center was critical to their ability to learn from colleagues and implement National Strategy goals and objectives.

A. True

B. False

3. The majority of suicides in this country, and in each state, are among people ages:

A. 10 - 24 years

B. 35 - 64 years

C. 65 + years

D. None of the above

4. Without sustained leadership and infrastructure, well-intentioned suicide prevention activities can become fragmented and non-strategic, unable to achieve sufficient range, depth, or focus to have a measurable impact on reducing suicides or suicide attempts.

A. True

B. False

5. A large number of stakeholders in the public and private sectors have made significant efforts to advance the goal of implementing research-informed communication efforts designed to prevent suicide by changing knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors, which include:

A. Dealing with effective communication designed to reach at-risk populations.

B. Use of emerging and evolving technology.

C. Connecting individuals in crisis with assistance and care.

D. All of the above.

6. Research shows that certain kinds of messaging and media coverage about suicides can:

A. Increase the likelihood of suicide in vulnerable individuals.

B. Promote help-seeking behavior.

C. Both (A) and (B).

D. None of the above.

7. Facebook, in an effort to help those who may be expressing suicidal thoughts, developed tools that provide _____ to those users, as well as friends and family members who might be worried about them when reading those posts.

A. Resources

B. Advice

C. Support

D. All of the above

8. The Native Connections program uses a strength-based approach to:

A. Reduce suicidal behavior among Native youth

B. Reduce substance use among Native youth

C. Promote mental health among Native youth

D. All of the above

9. Sources of Strength is / does all of the following, except for:

A. A comprehensive, strength-based, wellness program that can be implemented in schools, colleges, and faith, cultural, and community-based settings.

B. Focuses on the elderly.

C. Utilizes peer and caring adult relationships to improve social norms, enhance coping and social support, and increase help-seeking behaviors to reduce suicidal risk and other risk-taking behaviors.

D. All of the above apply to Sources of Strength.

10. Which of the following plays an important role in educating the public and shaping its perception about suicide, suicide prevention, and help-seeking?

A. Traditional news media

B. Online / mobile media

C. The entertainment industry

D. All of the above

11. Research shows that certain types of messaging about suicide deaths can increase risk among vulnerable individuals, normalizing suicide as a natural outcome for certain kinds of life crises.

A. True

B. False

12. Studies have shown that media coverage carrying positive narratives that include stories of hope and recovery have no impact on reducing the suicide rate in the areas in which they were widely distributed.

A. True

B. False

13. Which of the following is one of the most successful suicide prevention interventions internationally?

A. Reducing access to lethal means

B. Messaging and media coverage about suicide

C. An active public-private coalition

D. Mental health treatment

14. Reducing access to lethal means is not a standard component of safety planning with or for people who are suicidal.

A. True

B. False

15. There is evidence that suicide among veterans in VA care is reduced when those identified as high risk receive an “enhanced care package” consisting of:

A. Developing a safety plan

B. Follow-up after missed appointments

C. Involvement of family and/or friends

D. All of the above

16. Data shows that 28.5% of those who died by suicide had received mental health treatment within _____ months before death.

A. 2

B. 4

C. 6

D. 12

17. Since suicide shares risk factors with _____, it is critical that broader prevention activities include suicide-related outcome variables such as suicidal ideation, suicide attempts, and death by suicide.

A. Substance abuse

B. Intimate partner violence

C. Both (A) and (B)

D. None of the above

Summary of Recommendations

18. What can be said of a strong state infrastructure?

A. The presence of one guarantees reduced suicides within the state.

B. The absence of one almost certainly compromises suicide reduction efforts to a significant degree.

C. Both (A) and (B).

D. None of the above.

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