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Eating Disorders and Osteoporosis

Model of Health

1. Dropping below the minimum ‘essential’ body fat percent can lead to which of the following?

A. Problems with staying warm.

B. Trauma and damage to organs.

C. Decreased function of the nervous system.

D. All of the above.


2. The primary role of carbohydrates is to provide energy to cells in the body, particularly which organ, the only carbohydrate-dependent organ in the body?

A. Liver

B. Brain

C. Kidneys

D. Heart


3. Eating too few calories in an attempt to lose weight can actually cause the body to slow a person’s metabolic rate, making it even more difficult to lose weight.

A. True

B. False


4. What is the minimum number of calories per day that an adult woman should consume?

A. 800

B. 1,000

C. 1,200

D. 1,500


5. Too much exercise can lead to all of the following, except:

A. Suicide

B. Injuries

C. Nutrient deficiencies

D. Depression


Eating Disorders

6. Eating disorders are characterized by which of the following?

A. Restricted eating

B. Excessive exercise

C. Preoccupation with food, weight, and body image

D. All of the above


7. Eating disorders have one of the highest death rates of all psychiatric diagnoses.

A. True

B. False


8. Bipolar disorder is common in patients with eating disorders.

A. True

B. False


9. Although vomiting is commonly used in an attempt to purge all calories from the body following a binge, approximately _____ calories are retained after binging and vomiting, regardless of the amount eaten.

A. 1,200

B. 900

C. 500

D. 200


10. Because bulimics are of normal weight, they do not suffer from malnourishment.

A. True

B. False


The Female Athlete Triad

11. The triad consists of all of the following, except:

A. BMI less than 18.5

B. Amenorrhea

C. Eating Disorders

D. Osteoporosis


Osteoporosis

12. Fracture risk doubles for each decrease of one standard deviation in bone density.

A. True

B. False


13. Deficits in bone mass or bone size in patients with eating disorders may not be entirely reversible and increase fracture risk.

A. True

B. False


14. The severity of bone deficiency in males is even greater than females with the same eating disorder.

A. True

B. False


Treating Eating Disorder Related Osteoporosis

15. Estrogen supplementation, even without weight gain, is useful in stopping further bone loss or correcting low bone mineral density.

A. True

B. False


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