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Effects of Disasters on People of Low Socioeconomic Status

Before the Disaster

1. A study that looked at hurricane preparedness in Texas found that more people are prepared for hurricanes who also tend to affirm that they think most people:

A. Would try to be fair.

B. Could be trusted.

C. Both (A) and (B).

D. None of the above.


2. It was found that all of the following were less likely to evacuate before Hurricane Katrina, except for:

A. People that were homeless

B. Black people

C. People with less than a high school education

D. All of the above


Disaster Impact

3. People in poverty around the world are more likely than others to live in areas at high risk of disaster impacts.

A. True

B. False


4. The same loss affects poor and marginalized people far more because:

A. Their livelihoods depend on fewer assets.

B. Their consumption is closer to subsistence levels.

C. They cannot rely on savings to smooth the impacts.

D. All of the above.


5. Poor people around the world are more likely to have their savings concentrated in all of the following, except for:

A. Financial institutions

B. Their homes

C. Livestock

D. Poor people have their savings concentrated in all of the above


After the Disaster

6. Research has highlighted which of the following as a barrier to receiving housing and other types of aid?

A. Lack of knowledge of the systems through which disaster survivors receive aid.

B. Discomfort with systems distributing aid.

C. Issues in getting to and from disaster assistance centers.

D. All of the above.


7. Research has found that many people who become homeless after disasters are of lower SES than those who do not.

A. True

B. False


8. Research on survivors of Hurricane Ike found that all of the following factors related to low SES were associated with greater likelihood of depression, except for:

A. Those with a lower annual household income.

B. Those that were unemployed.

C. Those with fewer years of education.

D. All of the above were associated with greater likelihood of depression.


9. Although all racial groups were impacted by Hurricane Katrina and problems with the emergency response, low-income African Americans were disproportionately affected, and more likely to view the problems in the governmental response to be discriminatory.

A. True

B. False


10. Which factor associated with low SES was linked to greater posttraumatic growth about 6 months after Hurricane Katrina?

A. Living below the poverty line

B. Low educational attainment

C. Both (A) and (B)

D. None of the above


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