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The Dementias (Update)

1. What is the primary risk factor for developing dementia?

A. Genetics

B. Age

C. Parkinson’s disease

D. Head injury


2. Dementia is another term for age-related cognitive decline.

A. True

B. False


3. All of the following are symptoms of mild cognitive impairment, except for:

A. Problems with thinking and memory

B. Problems with judgment

C. Problems with language

D. Problems with everyday activities


4. Someone who has mild cognitive impairment may be at greater risk of eventually developing Alzheimer’s or another type of dementia, particularly if the degree of memory impairment is significant.

A. True

B. False


5. What is the most common cause of dementia in older adults?

A. Alzheimer’s disease

B. Damage from a stroke

C. Alcoholism

D. Parkinson’s disease


6. Having the epsilon4 allele of the apolipoprotein E gene on chromosome 19 increases a person’s risk for developing Alzheimer’s.

A. True

B. False


7. Antidepressants and antipsychotics can control some of the behavioral symptoms of:

A. Corticobasal degeneration

B. Primary progressive aphasia

C. Pick’s disease

D. Progressive supra nuclear palsy


8. All of the following are symptoms of dementia with Lewy bodies, which often precede movement and other problems by as many as 10 years, except for:

A. Difficulty sleeping

B. Loss of smell

C. Visual hallucinations

D. Changes in alertness and attention


9. Compared to Alzheimer’s, all of the following are more prominent in vascular contributions to cognitive impairment and dementia, except for:

A. Slowed thinking

B. Memory loss

C. Problems with organization

D. Attention problems


10. The risk for dementia is significantly higher in someone who has had a stroke.

A. True

B. False


11. The first symptoms of cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy can appear in people between ages:

A. 20 and 40

B. 30 and 50

C. 40 and 60

D. 50 and 70


12. Which of the following is not a proteinopathy?

A. Alzheimer’s disease

B. Frontotemporal disorders

C. Subcortical vascular dementia

D. Lewy body dementia


13. Which of the following is thought to contribute to reduced function and nerve-cell death in Alzheimer’s and is the hallmark of the disease?

A. Beta-amyloid plaques

B. Tau tangles

C. Both plaques and tangles

D. Neither plaques nor tangles


14. Elderly individuals with _____ usually have trouble with walking and bladder control before the onset of dementia.

A. Normal pressure hydrocephalus

B. Vasculitis

C. Subdural hematoma

D. Non-malignant brain tumors


15. Most studies suggest that regularly drinking large amounts of alcohol increases the risk of dementia.

A. True

B. False


16. Many people with _____ develop symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease by the time they reach middle age.

A. Klinefelter syndrome

B. Turner syndrome

C. Patau syndrome

D. Down syndrome


17. The majority of dementia is inherited.

A. True

B. False


18. There is no test or scan that can detect amyloid plaques or tau tangles in Alzheimer’s disease before death.

A. True

B. False


19. Cholinesterase inhibitors can temporarily improve or stabilize memory and thinking skills in some people with:

A. Corticobasal degeneration

B. Alzheimer’s disease

C. Pick’s disease

D. Progressive supra nuclear palsy


20. Many of the medications used to treat the motor symptoms of Parkinson’s disease also improve cognitive problems.

A. True

B. False


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