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Courtrooms for Children and Adolescents


1. More must be done to create child and adolescent fair courtrooms because when a child feels comfortable, they will:

A. Have better recall.

B. Testify more accurately and efficiently.

C. Experience less re-traumatization.

D. All of the above.

What Children and Adolescents Understand About Court

2. There is greater adverse attitudinal effect on younger children being in court and a more profound adverse emotional effect on older children.

A. True

B. False

3. The strongest predictor of a child’s attitude towards the court process is related to:

A. Their level of anxiety.

B. Their age.

C. The reason for the court process.

D. The expected outcome.

Court Preparation Tools and Schools

4. For the cases with a prosecuting attorney, it is essential that the prosecutor personally prepare the child for court, unless the child goes through a court preparation school.

A. True

B. False

5. Which of the following is an important aspect of court school?

A. The program often helps to demonstrate to abused children that they are not the only child in the world that has been maltreated and will have to testify.

B. The children have an opportunity to speak with a local judge and prosecutor.

C. The children learn about the importance of self-confidence and techniques for reducing stress.

D. All of the above.

6. Which of the following is the most important thing for the victim advocate to talk with the child about, and should be stressed above all other concepts?

A. What to wear to court.

B. Their job is to tell the truth.

C. The type of language they will hear in court.

D. How some words have a different meaning in the courtroom setting.

Courtroom Logistics

7. It is important to not have child witnesses waiting in the hallway of the courthouse; they need a private location as they prepare to face the person / people who have abused them.

A. True

B. False

Comfort Item

8. A pre-trial motion to allow a comfort item should routinely be filed on behalf of children who are nervous about testifying regardless of whether the state has a law addressing comfort items.

A. True

B. False

Animal Advocates in Court

9. Therapy animals are helping children in the areas of:

A. Medical examination.

B. Court preparation.

C. Giving testimony.

D. All of the above.

10. The mere presence of a friendly dog has been documented to change the physiology of the nervous child, facilitating more efficient testimony.

A. True

B. False

Testimonial Aids

11. Children may feel calmer and more relaxed, thus testify more efficiently and accurately, if testimonial aids are available for their use in court.  These aids can include all of the following, except:

A. Anatomical dolls

B. Diagrams of a child’s body

C. Another person

D. A drawing board with markers

Attorney Conduct

12. The use of direct and leading questions has been clearly established to result in children providing responses that are less trustworthy than answers provided in response to open-ended narrative inviting questions.

A. True

B. False

13. Pre-trial motions regarding attorney conduct can include each of the following, except:

A. Tone of voice.

B. Frequent recesses.

C. Silent objections.

D. Intimidating behavior or questions.

Child-Fair Hours and Breaks

14. Testifying in the afternoon is a good rule for most children as it prevents them from missing school and allows them the day to prepare.

A. True

B. False

Shielded or Closed-Circuit Television Testimony

15. If the child witness is terrified to look at his or her abuser or testify in the same room, and if there is a therapist or parent / guardian who can provide testimony regarding the fear, all of the following are options to consider, except for:

A. Place the defendant in a separate room and prevent them from viewing the child’s testimony.

B. Place the defendant in a separate room outside of the courtroom while watching the child’s testimony in the courtroom via closed-circuit television.

C. Allow the child to testify in the judge’s chambers, with all attorneys present, while the defendant and the jury remain in the courtroom and watch the testimony via closed-circuit television.

D. Physically shield the child from being able to see the defendant in the courtroom.

Adolescent-Fair Courtrooms

16. Teens may not want to be “responsible” for sending a parent or loved one to jail, so it is important that the teen understand that his or her only job is to tell the truth about what happened and the judge and jury will decide what the final outcome will be.

A. True

B. False

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