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Correctional Assessment - Beyond Risk and Needs

Introduction

1. While correlation is an adequate requirement for inclusion in risk assessment, the simple fact that a particular need exhibits a general relationship to recidivism does not mean it contributed to an individual’s offending behavior.  Other needs can be the underlying reasons for criminal behavior and far more important in regards to effective case planning and intervention than those dubbed “criminogenic.”

A. True

B. False


Evaluations of CMC

2. Studies have found that Client Management Classification use significantly reduces recidivism or serious misconduct in the institution.

A. True

B. False


3. Client Management Classification evaluation studies have demonstrated all of the following, except for:

A. The system proves robust enough to work well over a significant period of time.

B. The system proves robust enough to work well across jurisdictions with different policies and approaches to supervision.

C. The greatest impact is obtained when the system is applied to low-risk offenders.

D. There is considerable promise that Client Management Classification use will yield similar results in juvenile justice.


4. The Correctional Assessment and Intervention System and the Juvenile Assessment and Intervention System now include which of the following?

A. A well-validated actuarial risk assessment embedded in each interview.

B. Updated recommendations that reflect current knowledge regarding evidence-based practice.

C. An automatically generated Title IV-E report.

D. All of the above.


5. All of the following are true regarding “responsivity,” except for:

A. Responsivity is a core principle guiding the development of risk assessment systems.

B. Only risk assessment models developed by NCCD can legitimately address responsively.

C. Responsivity is defined as tailoring case plans to the individual characteristics, circumstances, and learning style of each offender.

D. Responsivity is a principle that cannot be addressed by risk assessment alone.


6. Because the recommendations produced by CAIS and JAIS are comprehensive, the system can be used for which of the following?

A. Jails and prisons

B. Juvenile facilities

C. Probation and parole

D. All of the above


7. Caution must be observed with which group, in that they will sometimes minimize their criminal behavior and their responsibilities under supervision?

A. Selective Intervention

B. Casework/Control

C. Environmental Structure

D. Limit Setting


8. Criminal behavior within the LS group is generally motivated by a desire to be accepted by others.

A. True

B. False


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