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Quantum Units Education

Cultural Competencies for Counselors and Other Clinical Staff

Core Counselor Competencies

1. To become culturally competent, counselors should begin by exploring their own cultural heritage and identifying how it shapes their perceptions of normality, abnormality, and the counseling process.

A. True

B. False


2. Culture includes which of the following?

A. Spirituality and religion

B. Rituals and rites of passage

C. Attitudes toward food/food preparation

D. All of the above


3. Counselors from mainstream society are more likely to be actively aware of their own ethnic and cultural identities.

A. True

B. False


4. Which of the following stages of racial and cultural identity development begins to question the psychological cost of projecting strong feelings toward dominant cultural groups and desires to refocus more energy on personal identity while respecting own cultural groups?

A. R/CID Model of Conformity

B. WRID Model of Conformity

C. R/CID Model of Introspection

D. WRID Model of Introspection


5. If counselors avoid or minimize the relevance of bias and discrimination in self-exploration, they will likely do the same in the assessment and counseling process.

A. True

B. False


6. Counselors can be seen as which of the following?

A. All-knowing professionals

B. Representatives of an unjust system

C. Both (A) and (B)

D. None of the above


Knowledge of Other Cultural Groups

7. Culturally responsive practice involves a commitment to obtaining specific cultural knowledge through which of the following?

A. Ongoing client interactions

B. Cultural training seminars and programs

C. Clinical supervision

D. All of the above


Skill Development

8. All of the following behaviors show respect by culturally competent counselors, except:

A. Exploring, acknowledging, and validating the client’s worldview.

B. Considering what is important to the client.

C. Investing time to understand the client’s expectations of treatment.

D. Communicating in the client’s preferred language.


9. All of the following statements are true, except:

A. Counselors should predetermine the client’s expectations and should not follow the clients’ lead or inquire about their preferences.

B. Counselors must take care with suggesting simple solutions to complex problems. It is often better to acknowledge the intricacies of the client’s cultural context and circumstances.

C. The concept of personal space involves more than the physical distance between people. It also involves cultural expectations regarding posture or stance and the use of space within a given environment.

D. Acceptable or expected degrees of closeness between people are culturally specific. Counselors should be educated on the general parameters and expectations of the given population.


10. Clients from some cultures may not perceive that emotional expression is a worthy course of treatment and healing.

A. True

B. False


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