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Competencies for Counseling the Multiracial Population

Section I: Overview-Acronyms

1. The term multiracial population is used to refer to the communities commonly acknowledged by a broad umbrella which includes interracial couples, multiracial families, multiracial individuals, and transracial adoptees and families.

A. True

B. False


Section II: Interracial Couples, Multiracial Families, and Multiracial Individuals

2. Despite dramatic increases in the number of interracial unions over the last several decades, multiracial couples continue to confront environmental systems that are biased, and deal with stressors associated with negative and hostile encounters rooted in oppression.

A. True

B. False


3. Which of the following is NOT one of the variables included in the Ecological Framework for Understanding Multiracial Identity?

A. Gender and inherited influences

B. Lived and desired experiences of multiracial individuals

C. Regional history of race relations

D. Traits and identity


4. It is important for counselors and other helping professionals to understand that for members of the multiracial population, their status as mixed race couples, families, or individuals may not be the impetus when presenting for services, as they may be seeking assistance deal to with the on-going stressors of navigating:  

A. The sociological constructs of daily interaction

B. Their racial and ethnic identity within the bigger community

C. Challenging environmental systems

D. Their unique values, traits, and cultural existence


Language and Definitions

5. Although the terms interracial and multiracial have been the most commonly utilized terms in recent decades to describe these populations, there has been a resurgence in the use of the term biracial in the past ten years by scholars, activists, and artists who have been coming together to examine, address, and engage in critical discourse around salient issues and concerns.

A. True

B. False


6. Professionals who work with multiracial clients must gain knowledge about these individuals, although it is of even greater importance to:  

A. Be aware of any assumptions, biased attitudes, and beliefs they may hold about these couples, families, and individuals

B. Realize that they are not immune to and often hold the same stereotypes and misinformation about groups of people as the general populace

C. Recognize their ethical and legal obligation to examine their view and areas of bias, ignorance, and inexperience, and to engage in on-going self-monitoring

D. All of the above


7. A common stereotype or misperception about multiracial couples and their respective families is that one of the partners is Black and the other is White, when in fact multiple heritage couples, families, and individuals are an extremely diverse population.

A. True

B. False


Competencies for Working with Interracial Couples and Multiracial Families

8. Unfortunately, interracial, interethnic, and diverse sexual orientation and gender identify expression couples will not often have the resiliency to live fully functioning lives because of their experiences with prejudice, discrimination or oppression.

A. True

B. False


Social and Cultural Diversity

9. Since interracial and multiracial couples and families are living within a dominate U.S. cultural worldview value set, this may negatively impact differences in values that exit within the couple.

A. True

B. False


Helping Relationships

10. In order to promote healthy relationships, culturally competent counselors focus on each of the following EXCEPT:

A. Maintaining an orientation of wellness and appreciating that each couple or family has the right to negotiate cultural differences in its own way without imposing any agenda on the couple or family

B. Understanding that the transitions across the life span for each individual within the couple may impact unique cultural assumptions

C. Using models of counseling that are culturally appropriate for and sensitive to the couple’s cultures and maintaining therapeutic balance between an understanding of the potential challenges and the sources of opportunities for intercultural couples and families

D. Being aware of misconceptions and myths of the various cultures with which each partner identifies and being familiar with resources available to intercultural couples and families


Career Development

11. Counselors who are promoting culturally appropriate career development prioritize helping couples make career choices that facilitate the broadening of cultural context and ensure career growth.

A. True

B. False


Professional Orientation and Ethical Practice

12. Those in the helping profession should familiarize themselves with the needs and counseling issues of interracial, interethnic, and diverse sexual orientations and gender identity/expression couples and families and use non-stigmatizing and affirming mental health, educational, and community resources.

A. True

B. False


Competencies for Working with Multiracial Individuals

13. Clinicans who work with multiracial clients are advised to refrain from labeling the client’s multiracial identity as the main reason for attending counseling or for the presenting problem, unless specified by the client.

A. True

B. False


Group Work

14. When working in group settings, professionals should refrain from assumptions that group members are monoracial or monoethnic and be familiar with the ways that multiracial individuals define:

A. Health wellness and other mental health constructs

B. Cultural identity, expression, and beliefs

C. Prejudice and discrimination

D. Strength, power, and resilience


Assessment

15. One goal of counseling with multiracial individuals is to provide a comprehensive mental health assessment that should encompass all life areas including race, ethnicity, religion, language, sexual orientation, as well as other cultural factors that affect their identity development.

A. True

B. False


Professional Orientation and Ethical Practice

16. Each of the following is suggested so that culturally competent counselors will maintain professional orientation and ethical practice EXCEPT:  

A. Acknowledge that although a comprehensive understanding of all issues and concerns faced by multiracial individuals may not be possible, it remains important to know where to access affirmative information about and resources for this population

B. Seek consultation and/or supervision to ensure that personal biases do not negatively affect the client-counseling skills related to working with multiracial individuals

C. Support a personal and private dialogue that affirms multiracial identity expression, even when others aren’t listening

D. Seek professional development opportunities to enhance attitudes, knowledge, and counseling skills related to working with multiracial individuals


Section III: Transracial Adoption

17. Adoption constituent is the term used to describe those affected by transracial adoption including adoptive persons, both parents, adoptive parents, and extended family members.

A. True

B. False


Overview of Transracial Adoption

18. Clinical, developmental, and identity issues for adoptees and their families may be similar for both transracial and international adoptees, but other facets of international adoptees’ historical and environmental experiences may differ due to social, political, and economic disparities between the sending and receiving countries.

A. True

B. False


International or Intercountry Adoption

19. The Hague Convention agreement, enacted by the U.S. in 2008, was developed to find permanent placement for children when such settings are unavailable in their home countries, ensure that placements were in the best interest of the children, and:

A. Encourage same-race adoption

B. Prevent child tracking or abduction

C. Prohibit federal agencies that receive federal funding from denying placement based on race, national origin, or color

D. Recruit families that represent children’s cultural values


20. Complex aspects of international adoption include establishing and managing intercountry relationships between birth parents and adoptees, as well as incorporating the realities of international adoption history into:

A. Adoptees self-stories

B. Family growth and development

C. Cultural and social identity

D. None of the above


Competencies for Working with Transracial Adoptees-Human Growth and Development

21. For transracial adoptees, racial, ethnic, and adoptive identity development may span throughout the individual and family’s lifetime and may not parallel mainstream identity development models because of adoptive context, _______________, and other social factors.

A. Parent-child dynamics

B. Pre-adoptive histories of parents

C. Current and historical trauma

D. Stigma


Helping Relationships

22. Experts recommend using a problem-solving approach when working with transracial adoption challenges, as this will help individuals focus on overcoming their deficits and pathologies.

A. True

B. False


Group Work

23. Important group services that should be available for transracial adoption include pre-adoption educational courses and support groups that are prioritized before the critical period leading up to the adoption.

A. True

B. False


Career Development

24. It is important for adoptive parents to remember that skills, aptitudes, and interests of transracial adoptees such as creativity, athleticism, and academics were uniquely formed by early development and cultural experiences, and therefore may be very different from their own.

A. True

B. False


Professional Orientation and Ethical Practice

25. In pursuing sound ethical practice, counselors will advocate for improved clinical competencey among behavioral health professionals so they may better understand issues and treatment needs unique to transracial adoptees.  

A. True

B. False


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