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Child Welfare and Human Trafficking

1. All children under the age of 18 who are induced to engage in commercial sex are victims of sex trafficking.

A. True

B. False


2. In order to prove labor trafficking of a child, _____ has to be present.

A. Force

B. Fraud

C. Coercion

D. None of the above

E. All of the Above


3. The use of “force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery” does not have to be present for children to be defined as victims of labor trafficking.

A. True

B. False


4. Many youth do not see themselves as victims or they may be reluctant to admit to victimization due to fears of deportation, jail, and sometimes deadly retribution from traffickers.

A. True

B. False


5. What makes children and youth in out-of-home care at particularly high risk of being trafficked?

A. Their background of abuse and trauma.

B. The impermanence of foster care or congregate care.

C. Both (A) and (B).

D. None of the above.


6. Victims of trafficking have which of the following needs?

A. Medical care and mental health services

B. Legal advocacy

C. Help in finding family members

D. All of the above


7. Why might child victims of trafficking be difficult to locate and identify?

A. They often do not view themselves as victims and may not believe that their trafficker has done anything wrong.

B. Victims may suffer from shame, guilt, and a lack of self-worth that keeps them from looking for a way to be rescued.

C. Over time, the exploitation - including the physical and sexual abuse and psychological manipulation - may come to seem “normal” in a victim’s mind, which reduces the likelihood that he or she will self-identify as a trafficking victim.

D. All of the above.


8. All of the following are signs that a child or teen is a victim of sex trafficking, except for:

A. Lack of knowledge of whereabouts and/or lost sense of time.

B. History of running away or current status as a runaway.

C. Inexplicable appearance of expensive gifts, clothing, cell phones, tattoos, or other costly items.

D. Withdrawal or lack of interest in previous activities.


9. Children and youth who are victims of trafficking can often be distinguished from other children who receive child welfare services due to all of the following, except:

A. Children and youth who are identified as victims of trafficking generally enter the child welfare system alone because their parents or family may not be nearby or even known to the child welfare agency.

B. Children and youth who are trafficked will have previous child welfare involvement.

C. They may have more complex trauma due to initial abuse or conflict in the home that causes them to run away or come under the influence of a trafficker, and this is compounded by the exploitation they experienced while being trafficked.

D. They may have been in the child welfare system in the past and, because of conflict or abuse experiences, they ran away from their foster home or group home.


10. The Children’s Bureau recommends that all children and youth who receive child welfare services undergo early screening for trauma and for social-emotional functioning.

A. True

B. False


11. Severe abuse experiences may cause alterations in brain development, as the child or youth learns to operate from a “survival” mode.

A. True

B. False


12. Which of the following is a mental health symptom associated with trafficking?

A. Extreme anxiety

B. An inability to trust

C. Self-destructive behaviors

D. All of the above


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