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Child Abuse & Neglect - Recognizing Signs and Symptoms

How Is Child Abuse and Neglect Defined in Federal Law?

1. When defining child abuse and neglect, most Federal and State child protection laws primarily refer to cases of harm to a child caused by parents or other caregivers, but they generally do not include harm caused by other people, such as acquaintances or strangers.

A. True

B. False


What Are the Major Types of Child Abuse and Neglect?

2. Neglect is the failure of a parent, guardian, or other caregiver to provide for a child’s basic needs, and according to the authors it may fall into any of the following categories EXCEPT:

A. Emotional

B. Medical

C. Social

D. Educational


Recognizing Signs of Abuse and Neglect

3. Which of the following is NOT one of the signs from a parent that child abuse or neglect may be occurring?

A. The parent asks teachers or other caregivers to use harsh physical discipline if the child misbehaves

B. He or she looks primarily to the child for care, attention, and satisfaction of the parent’s emotional needs

C. He or she sees the child as entirely bad, worthless, or burdensome

D. The parent is overly concerned about his or her own appearance and that of the child, and is overly harsh with the child who doesn’t meet those expectations


Chronic Child Neglect

4. Compared to physical abuse, chronic child neglect is less visible and often less sensational, but is more pervasive and tends to be more difficult to resolve.

A. True

B. False


What is Chronic Neglect?

5. In order to be considered chronic, there must be a failure to meet more than one of the child’s basic needs for healthy development.

A. True

B. False


6. Exposure to antisocial/criminal behaviors or illicit behaviors by parents and parental failure to prevent/discourage risk taking or criminal behavior are examples of supervisorial neglect.

A. True

B. False


Chronic Neglect Casework

7. An emphasis on positive attitudes and positive qualities of helpers is imperative with chronic neglect cases, and the most powerful factor in change is:  

A. An accurate assessment of family members’ unique strengths, needs, and relevant targeted services

B. The quality of the relationship between the parents and the worker

C. Adequate case planning and intervention

D. Follow through from the worker, the family, and other members of support


Specialized Training

8. Specialized training is essential to optimizing the performance of both workers and supervisors working on chronic neglect cases, and should focus on family engagement, communication, assessment, and child development.

A. True

B. False


Integrating Approaches Along the Child Welfare Continuum

9. In order to address the chronicity of abuse and neglect, a chronic neglect pathway known as a/an _______________ system can be established to identify families that repeatedly come to the attention of the child welfare agency.

A. Enhanced assessment

B. Return prevention

C. Differential response

D. Family empowerment


Conclusion: The Importance of Hope

10. Workers who can maintain a positive, forward-thinking attitude and who can instill hope enable families to envision a time when their problems are under control and their children are happy and healthy.

A. True

B. False


Long-Term Consequences of Child Abuse and Neglect

11. Some of the less obvious consequences of child abuse include physical consequences, such as damage to a child’s growing brain, which can cause cognitive delays or emotional difficulties, or psychological problems that later manifest as high-risk behaviors.

A. True

B. False


Factors Affecting the Consequences of Child Abuse and Neglect

12. Individual outcomes that result from child abuse and neglect vary widely and are affected by a combination of factors, including each of the following EXCEPT:

A. The child’s age and developmental status when the abuse or neglect occurred

B. The type, frequency, duration, and severity of the maltreatment

C. The relationship between the child and the perpetrator

D. The child’s external support system


Poor Physical Health

13. Many adolescents who experienced child maltreatment tend to be poorly nourished and underweight, and one study found that these children had body mass indexes that grew at significantly slower rates compared to children who had not experienced neglect.

A. True

B. False


Psychological Consequences

14. Parental neglect is associated with attachment issues or affectionate behaviors with unknown/little-known people, ___________________, inappropriate modeling of adult behavior, and aggression.  

A. Borderline personality disorder

B. Anxiety and depression

C. Deviant behavior

D. Low self-esteem


Societal Consequences-Trauma-Informed Practice

15. Trauma-informed practice refers to services and programs specifically designed to address and respond to the impact of traumatic stress, and it has become particularly important in the child welfare system, as a majority of these children and families have experienced some form of past trauma.

A. True

B. False


Child Maltreatment Prevention: Past, Present, and Future

16. The Fourth Federal National Incidence Study on Child Maltreatment showed substantial and significant drops in the rates of sexual abuse, physical abuse, and emotional abuse over the past several years, with the most significant decline occurring in cases of child neglect.

A. True

B. False


History of Child Abuse Prevention

17. While in the1980s the focus was on the development and dissemination of clinical interventions and strategies to prevent child abuse, by the 1990s, emphasis was placed on establishing a strong foundation of support for every parent and child.

A. True

B. False


Prevention Today

18. Experts believe that prevention efforts should focus on supporting a child’s social and emotional development, creating more supportive relationships among community residents, and strengthening:

A. Problem-solving and communication skills among family members

B. Parental capacity and resilience

C. The family’s desire and ability to maintain a healthy lifestyle

D. Environmental supports


Promising Prevention Strategies

19. Several researchers suggest that broadly targeted prevention efforts have greater success in eliminating risk factors than in strengthening a parent’s or child’s protective factors, particularly for parents or children at highest risk.

A. True

B. False


Looking Toward the Future

20. One important challenge for the future is to determine how best to intervene with diverse ethnic and cultural groups when targeting populations at risk for maltreatment.

A. True

B. False


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