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Breastfeeding Basics: Benefits, Support, Tips, and Concerns

1. Breast milk contains antibodies from the mother that help provide immunity which is important because the part of the infant’s immune system that secretes antibodies does not mature for several months after birth.

A. True

B. False

2. Which of the following has a significant impact on a mother’s decision to initiate or continue breastfeeding?

A. The attitudes of healthcare providers.

B. The mother’s support network.

C. Hospital practices such as providing infant formula to newborns.

D. All of the above.

3. Which of the following is the primary barrier to breastfeeding for women of all backgrounds and in all regions of the country?

A. Embarrassment

B. Lack of social support

C. Lack of time

D. Competing demands on the mother

4. Concern over milk supply is a key reason women wean their infants from the breast in the first 6 months of life.

A. True

B. False

5. Which hormone causes the muscles around the alveoli to contract and squeeze the milk out through the ducts?

A. Prolactin

B. Oxytocin

C. Both (A) and (B)

D. None of the above

6. Breast milk composition changes _____ to meet each infant’s nutritional needs.

A. During a feeding

B. Through the day

C. Over time

D. All of the above

7. During the transition to mature milk, concentrations of all of the following decrease, except for:

A. Protein

B. Immunoglobulins

C. Fat

D. Fat-soluble vitamins

8. If a mother experiences any pain or tenderness during latch-on in the early weeks of breastfeeding, it should subside after the first _____ if the infant is properly attached to the breast.

A. 10 seconds

B. 30 seconds to 1 minute

C. 2 minutes

D. 3 to 5 minutes

9. An infant will still receive enough milk even when suckling occurs while only the nipple is in his or her mouth.

A. True

B. False

10. All of the following are early signs of hunger, except for:

A. Crying

B. Hand-to-mouth activity

C. Smacking lips

D. Small fussing sounds

11. A newborn infant should not go longer than 5 during the day or 6 hours at night without breastfeeding.

A. True

B. False

12. Which of the following is the most important indicator of whether an infant is receiving sufficient milk and breastfeeding effectively?

A. The infant is satisfied after each feeding.

B. The infant has plenty of wet and soiled diapers.

C. The infant gains weight consistently.

D. The infant breastfeeds frequently.

13. Frequent and effective breastfeeding can prevent most cases of mastitis from developing.

A. True

B. False

14. Alternatives to commercial nursing pads include:

A. Cotton handkerchiefs or squares cut from terry cloth, cotton diapers, or cotton T-shirts.

B. Toilet paper or facial tissue.

C. Both (A) and (B).

D. None of the above.

15. Which of the following from cigarettes can enter an infant’s system through breast milk?

A. Nicotine

B. Cyanide

C. Carbon dioxide

D. All of the above

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