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Quantum Units Education®

Community Based Behavioral Health Services for Justice-Involved Individuals (For Social Workers)


1. Some law enforcement officers use discretion to arrest when they believe a person needs health care services that are provided in the jail.

A. True

B. False

2. Once in the criminal justice system, individuals with mental and substance use disorders:

A. Stay in jail longer

B. Have an increased risk for self-harm

C. Receive more frequent punitive responses to infractions

D. Once in the criminal justice system, individuals with mental and substance use disorders stay in jail longer, have an increased risk for self-harm, and receive more frequent punitive responses to infractions

The Eight Principles

3. Research indicates that behavioral health treatment alone reduces recidivism.

A. True

B. False

Frequently Asked Questions

4. Which of the following are the most common treatment courts and show positive outcomes among participants completing the program?

A. Drug treatment courts

B. Mental health courts

C. Tribal wellness courts

D. Veterans courts

5. Research has shown that, for individuals with substance use disorders, the likelihood of death by overdose increases 12-fold the _____ post-incarceration.

A. 48 hours

B. 5 days

C. 2 weeks

D. 3 months

6. Individuals reentering communities are at an increased risk for suicide.

A. True

B. False

7. For individuals in jails or prisons, case management should ideally begin before release and continue throughout the transition to the community.  In many jurisdictions, this may be complicated by:

A. Unknown release dates

B. Releases after scheduled court appearances

C. Lack of jail reentry services

D. Unknown release dates, releases after scheduled court appearances, and/or lack of jail reentry services may all complicate case management

8. For criminal justice professionals, all of the following are goals of public safety, except for:

A. Supporting individuals in achieving health and wellness through treatment and supports.

B. Successfully managing transitions to and from jails and prisons.

C. Effectively supervising individuals on probation and parole.

D. Reducing the likelihood of re-offense or recidivism.

9. Which of the following is a person-centered counseling style for addressing the common problem of ambivalence about change?

A. Assertive Community Treatment

B. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

C. Motivational interviewing

D. Forensic Intensive Case Management

10. Abundant evidence shows that the opioid agonist methadone and the opioid partial agonist buprenorphine can reduce all of the following, except:

A. Opioid use and symptoms related to OUD

B. Opioid overdose

C. Risk of infectious disease transmission

D. Criminal behavior associated with drug use

11. Research has found that women incarcerated in U.S. jails have a higher prevalence of chronic medical and psychiatric disorders compared to men incarcerated in U.S. jails.

A. True

B. False

12. When is Medicaid coverage not allowed?

A. When an individual is on parole, probation, or release to the community pending trial.

B. When an individual is living in a public institution voluntarily.

C. When an individual is on home confinement.

D. When an individual is in residential mental and substance use disorder treatment facilities for inmates.

13. Women and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals are at an increased risk of re-traumatization due to higher rates of intimate partner violence, sexual assault, and hate violence.

A. True

B. False

14. Compared to men, women report more:

A. Experience of trauma across the lifetime.

B. Traumatic experiences in the past 12 months.

C. Women report more experience of trauma across the lifetime and more traumatic experiences in the past 12 months.

D. Men report more experience of trauma across the lifetime and more traumatic experiences in the past 12 months.

15. Researchers have found that the quality of care provided and the health of clinicians working with individuals with histories of trauma are related to the clinicians’ personal ability to:

A. Show empathy

B. Avoid passing judgment

C. Manage stress

D. Share their own experiences

16. If clients sign appropriate paperwork, the case manager or community providers can represent and advocate for the individual as they move through the criminal justice system.

A. True

B. False

17. Which of the following is not one of the eight major criminogenic risk factors associated with committing future crimes?

A. Mental illness

B. History of antisocial behavior

C. Lack of healthy leisure / recreational pursuits

D. Substance use

18. Which of the following poses a static risk of the client lacking self-control or becoming aggressive and also indicates a changeable need in the client for enhancing personal problem-solving skills, increasing self-management skills, or learning coping skills?

A. A history of antisocial behavior

B. An Antisocial personality pattern

C. Antisocial cognition

D. Having antisocial associates

19. Research suggests that addressing just one criminogenic risk or need factor reduces recidivism.

A. True

B. False

20. Of the Risk-Needs-Responsivity principles that guide the assessment and treatment of individuals with criminal justice involvement, which one matches the intensity of individuals’ treatment to their level of risk for re-offending?

A. General responsivity

B. Specific responsivity

C. Risk

D. Need

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