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Behavioral Health Conditions in Children Exposed to Natural Disasters

1. After a disaster strikes, youth are at greater risk than adults of developing psychiatric disorders.

A. True

B. False


2. Children often advance behaviorally after a disaster, losing the behaviors typical for their age group and becoming more self-reliant and independent.

A. True

B. False


3. Which of the following was the most commonly reported outcome related to mental and/or substance use disorders in the studies reviewed?

A. Depression

B. Posttraumatic stress disorders / symptoms

C. Anxiety disorders

D. Aggression and inability to control anger


4. All of the following are risk factors for increased substance use among adolescents after exposure to a natural disaster, except for:

A. Depression diagnosed before the disaster

B. History of prior traumatic events

C. Older age

D. Higher degree of loss


5. Which of the following was the most commonly reported symptom of child and adolescent earthquake survivors with PTSD?

A. Stomach pain

B. Headaches

C. Trouble sleeping

D. Felling tired or low energy


6. A child’s _____ appears to be one of the most important non-modifiable risk or protective factors when it comes to disaster reactions and recovery following exposure.

A. Age

B. Ethnicity

C. Preexisting disabilities

D. Gender


7. Individuals living with few socioeconomic resources experience the most negative impacts and mental distress caused by natural disasters.

A. True

B. False


8. A meta-analysis of natural disasters found that in children, significant predictors of _____ included prior trauma, experiencing fear, injury, or grief during the disaster, witnessing injury or death, being trapped during the disaster, and having poor social support.

A. Depression

B. Anxiety

C. PTSD

D. Substance abuse


9. Those that should take priority in early intervention efforts include those with any of the following comorbid psychological issues, except:

A. PTSD

B. Anxiety

C. Depression

D. Panic disorder


10. Aimed at preventing PTSD, Child and Family Traumatic Stress Intervention focuses on which key risk factor?

A. Poor social or familial support.

B. Poor coping skills in the aftermath of traumatic events.

C. CFTSI focuses on both poor social or familial support and poor coping skills in the aftermath of traumatic events.

D. CFTSI focuses on key risk factors other than poor social or familial support and poor coping skills in the aftermath of traumatic events.


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