Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Human Services

$15.00 | CE Hours:3.00 | Beginning

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CE Course Description

Although US laws and policies forbid discrimination based on race and ethnicity, institutional policies and practices can still fuel, magnify, and perpetuate existing inequities - even if an organization or agency applies its policies and practices equally without regard to race, ethnicity, gender, or other demographic difference.  This CE course summarizes existing research on racial and ethnic disparities in access, services and treatment, and outcomes within human services programs and offers a conceptual framework for distinguishing racial and ethnic “disparities” from “differences.”

Author:  McDaniel, M., Woods, T., Pratt, E., and Simms, M.  Identifying Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Human Services.  (2017, November).  OPRE Report #2017-69.  Washington, DC: Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

References / Contributions by:

Addy, Sophia, William Engelhardt, and Curtis Skinner.  2013.  Basic Facts about Low-Income Children: Children Under 6 Years, 2011.”  New York City: Columbia University, Mailman School of Public Health, National Center for Children in Poverty.

Alvira-Hammond, Marta, and Lisa A. Gennetian.  2015.  How Hispanic Parents Perceive Their Need and Eligibility for Public Assistance.  Bethesda, MD: National Center for Research on Hispanic Families and Children.

Barber, Jennifer S., Jennifer Eckerman Yarger, and Heather H. Gatny.  2015.  Black-White Differences in Attitudes Related to Pregnancy Among Young Women.  Demography 52 (3): 751-86.

Retrieved from:  https://www.acf.hhs.gov/opre/resource/identifying-racial-ethnic-disparities-human-services-conceptual-framework-literature-review

CE Course Objectives

1.  Conclude which group of mothers are more likely to remain out of the paid labor force while their children are young, therefore reducing the need for childcare arrangements.

2.  Evaluate four reasons given by mothers for not pursuing child support.

3.  Identify which students may be overlooked by Head Start staff for special education because of their language barriers and high levels of obedience mask disabilities.

4.  Name three outcomes of families receiving childcare subsidies.

5.  Summarize the predicted outcome among low-income African American children that have early entry into childcare.

CE Outline with Main Points

1.  Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Human Services

a.  Background

b.  Defining Racial and Ethnic Disparities

c.  Distinguishing Disproportionality from Disparities

2.  Conceptual Framework

a.  Program Design and Implementation

b.  Racial and Ethnic Differences Caused by Eligibility Screening and Program Access

c.  Racial and Ethnic Differences in Services and Treatment

d.  Racial and Ethnic Differences in Outcomes

e.  ACF Interest in Program Access and Services and Treatment

3.  Research on Racial and Ethnic Disparities

a.  Temporary Assistance for Needy Families

b.  Child Support Enforcement

c.  Child Care and Development Fund

d.  Head Start

e.  Family and Youth Services Bureau Programs



Social Work Approval

Social Work CE Credit for this course is offered with the following approvals. Many state boards of social work will accept the approvals listed. Provider Approvals by state and license type can be found here.

  • Quantum Units Education is approved by the California Association of Marriage and Family Therapists, CAMFT Provider #89970, to sponsor continuing education for LMFTs, LCSWs, LPCCs, and/or LEP. Quantum Units Education maintains responsibility for this program/course and its content.
  • Florida board for Social Workers CE Provider #50-8650 (Quantum 'immediately' reports CE Credits to Florida licensees) 
  • Illinois Department of Professional Regulation, License No. 159.001261 approved CE Sponsor
  • Ohio CSWMFTB #RCST091701 approved CE Provider
  • Texas Board of SWE #5070 approved CE Provider
  • Quantum Units Education, #1289, is approved as an ACE provider to offer social work continuing education by the Association of Social Work Boards (ASWB) Approved Continuing Education (ACE) program. Regulatory boards are the final authority on courses accepted for continuing education credit. ACE provider approval period: 01/03/2023 - 01/03/2026. Social workers completing this course receive 3.00 'Cultural Competence' continuing education credits.

To see other approvals in your state, see our state by state provider approval listings here.


CAADE Approval

This course does not have CAADE approval for CEUs.


Course Development: Each course is identified and reviewed by the appropriate Quantum Units Education consultant with professional and licensed expertise in the various disciplines we serve. Our professional consultants oversee course development to satisfy the needs of various professionals based on their board requirements, rate course degrees of difficulty and ensure the course content and exam questions are appropriate, relevant and comprehensive. See our professional staff and their bios here.

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Added On: 2017-11-01

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