Risks, Experiences, and Needs of Female Intravenous Drug Users

$17.50 | CE Hours:3.50 | Intermediate

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CE Course Description

Women who inject drugs have substantially different needs and face higher risks of disease and violence than do men who inject drugs.  This CE course seeks to illuminate the many reasons a focus on drug-injecting women is important, including their significantly higher mortality rates, increased likelihood of facing injecting-related problems, faster progression from first use to dependence, higher rates of HIV, increased risky injection and/or sexual risk behaviors.

Author:  Roberts, A., Mathers, B., and Degenhardt, L.  (2010).  Women who inject drugs: A review of their risks, experiences and needs.  The Reference Group to the United Nations on HIV and Injecting Drug Use.

Retrieved from:  https://hivhealthclearinghouse.unesco.org/library/documents/women-who-inject-drugs-review-their-risks-experiences-and-needs


CE Course Objectives

1.  List three predictors for initiation into injecting drug use.

2.  Compare and contrast residential, outpatient, and low threshold treatment designs.

3.  Consider the primary source of risk that may explain the higher rates of HIV among female IDU sex workers.

4.  Appraise one of the strongest individual attribute predictors of initiating to injecting.

5.  Identify when female IDU are more likely to enter and remain in treatment.

6.  Give the main structural barrier to seeking treatment.


CE Outline with Main Points

1.  Initiation to Injection

a.  Importance of the initiation period

b.  Risk factors

c.  Context of first injection

d.  Motivations for and against injecting

e.  Characteristics of initiators

2.  Women, Their Partners and Injecting Drug Use

a.  Nature of relationships

b.  Non-injecting women partnered with injecting men

c.  Women IDU partnered with male IDU

d.  Female same-sex partnerships

e.  Intimate partner violence

3.  Women, Sex Work and Injecting Drug Use

a.  Links between drug injecting and sex work

b.  HIV and other risks associated with sex work

c.  Comparison of female IDU sex workers and non-sex working female IDU

d.  Comparison between female SW who inject and those who do not

4.  Women IDUs, HIV Prevention and Drug Treatment

a.  Characteristics of women entering treatment

b.  Motivations for women who inject drugs to enter treatment

c.  Nature of treatment

d.  Treatment for pregnant women

e.  HIV prevention

f.  Access to treatment

g.  Treatment outcomes



Social Work Approval

Social Work CE Credit for this course is offered with the following approvals. Many state boards of social work will accept the approvals listed. Provider Approvals by state and license type can be found here.

  • Quantum Units Education is approved by the California Association of Marriage and Family Therapists, CAMFT Provider #89970, to sponsor continuing education for LMFTs, LCSWs, LPCCs, and/or LEP. Quantum Units Education maintains responsibility for this program/course and its content.
  • Florida board for Social Workers CE Provider #50-8650 (Quantum 'immediately' reports CE Credits to Florida licensees) 
  • Illinois Department of Professional Regulation, License No. 159.001261 approved CE Sponsor
  • Ohio CSWMFTB #RCST091701 approved CE Provider
  • Texas Board of SWE #5070 approved CE Provider
  • Quantum Units Education, #1289, is approved as an ACE provider to offer social work continuing education by the Association of Social Work Boards (ASWB) Approved Continuing Education (ACE) program. Regulatory boards are the final authority on courses accepted for continuing education credit. ACE provider approval period: 01/03/2023 - 01/03/2026. Social workers completing this course receive 3.50 'General' continuing education credits.

To see other approvals in your state, see our state by state provider approval listings here.


CAADE Approval

This course does not have CAADE approval for CEUs.


Course Development: Each course is identified and reviewed by the appropriate Quantum Units Education consultant with professional and licensed expertise in the various disciplines we serve. Our professional consultants oversee course development to satisfy the needs of various professionals based on their board requirements, rate course degrees of difficulty and ensure the course content and exam questions are appropriate, relevant and comprehensive. See our professional staff and their bios here.

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Added On: 2010-01-01

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