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1. Brain imaging studies from drug-addicted individuals show physical changes in areas of the brain governing judgment, decision-making, learning and memory, and behavior control.
2. It is estimated by scientists that this percentage of a person's vulnerability to addiction comes from genetic factors:
3. Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a factor that increases the risk of addiction:
A. Having parents or older family members who abuse or engage in criminal activities
B. Influence by drug-abusing peers
C. Taking drugs at an earlier age
D. Taking drugs orally in pill form versus smoking or injecting
4. In a nutshell, science-validated prevention programs work by boosting protective factors and reducing or eliminating risk factors for drug use among youth.
5. What is the common mechanism by which all drugs of abuse work in the brain to produce pleasure?
A. Since their chemical structures mimic natural neurotransmitters, they 'fool' receptors and activate nerve cells.
B. They cause nerve cells to release abnormally large amounts of natural neurotransmitters.
C. They prevent the normal recycling of neurotransmitters.
D. They directly or indirectly target the brain's reward system by flooding circuits with dopamine.
6. What happens to a brain that is repetively exposed to drugs?
A. Eventually the brain overproduces dopamine and other neurotransmitters or increases the number or receptors that interact and the individual becomes exhausted, dazed and disoriented.
B. Eventually less dopamine is produced by the brain, or receptors are reduced; this causes the abuser to feel flat and require more of the drug to simply feel 'normal'.
C. Either of the above phenomena can occur depending on the person's unique biochemistry.
7. Which of the following is NOT an example of a 'harmful consequence to others' given in the pamphlet?
A. Abusing pregnant women can pass on behavioral, attention and cognition problems prenatally.
B. Involuntary smoking by second hand transmission can subject the recipient to increased heart disease and lung cancer risks.
C. Both aids and hepatitis C can be spread to others if the user contracts them through injected drug use.
D. Parents and loved ones of abusers can develop depression and other mental illnesses, as well as begin abusing themselves.
8. Which is true about the percentage of addicts who relapse?
A. Treatment of the addict has failed.
B. Relapse rates for addicts are well above those for other well characterized chronic medical illnesses such as diabetes and hypertension.
C. Relapse rates for addicts aresimilar toother well characterized chronic medical illnesses such as diabetes and hypertension.
9. The most common trigger for relapse is:
B. links to the drug experience (e.g people, places, moods)
C. exposure to drugs
D. all of the above are cited
10. CJ-DATS is a network of research centers, in partnership with criminal justice professionals, drug abuse treatment providers, and Federal agencies, responsible for developing integrated treatment approaches for criminal justice offenders and testing them at multiple sites throughout the Nation.
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