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1. Research findings pertaining to children in foster care indicate that:
A. Nearly 60 percent of these young children are at risk for a wide range of medical and developmental problems
B. More than 40 percent are born low birth weight and/or premature, two factors which increase their likelihood of medical problems and developmental delay
C. More than one-third suffer from serious physical health problems
D. Over half experience developmental delays, which is two to three times the rate found among children in the general population
2. Ensuring healthy development and permanency for foster care children is a multifaceted challenge that requires a unique mix of resources and strategies.
3. Compared to other children living in poverty, young children in foster care are far more likely to have:
A. Fragile health and disabilities
B. Poor parental support
C. Emotional disturbances
D. Difficulty forming relationships
4. Infants comprise the largest cohort of the young child foster care population, accounting for one in five admissions to foster care, and _________ of all infants discharged from foster care reenter the child welfare system.
5. Findings from a U.S. General Accounting Office report about how young children in foster care fared in three urban areas showed that 8 percent received no routine health care, and 26 percent continued to have at least one unmet health need after placement.
6. Which of the following is NOT one of the compelling reasons to create deliberate strategies to promote the healthy development of young children in foster care?
A. Children in foster care are the state’s children
B. It is in society’s economic and social interest to promote positive outcomes for young children in foster care
C. New scientific knowledge shows the importance of the earliest years
D. Children must be able to thrive and develop in order to be productive members of society
7. Many children in foster care often lack the most fundamental resource to ensure their healthy development, which is a stable relationship with an adult who can observe their development over time, advocate on their behalf, and provide consent to services.
8. The Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment (EPSDT) provides an entitlement to services for infants and toddlers who experience developmental disabilities.
9. Standards developed by the American Academy of Pediatrics and the Child Welfare League of America require that services for children in foster care be:
A. Comprehensive, continuous, and family-supportive
B. Appropriate, specialized, and permanent
C. Multi-disciplinary, standard, and formal
D. Strategic, individualized, and needs-based
10. Several health and social services organizations in Oakland, California had developed a program known as TANF, which provides therapeutic interventions and care coordination services for children under age three in foster care.
11. “One-stop” services for foster care children are comprehensive health collaborations between a local social service/child welfare agency and a health care agency.
12. The Federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) provides specialized treatment to infants and toddlers through the :
A. Positive Growth Project
B. Comprehensive Service Project
C. Developmental Screening Project
D. Early Intervention Program
13. The Starting Young Program of The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia provides each of the following EXCEPT:
A. Primary medical care to foster youth in the community
B. An intake worker from the county agency that coordinates the early intervention program
C. A multidisciplinary assessment team who provides developmental evaluations of infants and toddlers
D. An assessment team who collaborates with the child welfare social worker to develop recommendations for the child’s service plan
14. One of the oldest child welfare and community service agencies in the country is ________________ , which includes a a developmental and behavioral screening from a Nurse Developmental Specialist for all children under age five.
A. The Casey Family Program
B. Leake and Watts of Yonkers, New York
C. The Children's Intervention Initiative
D. The Williams Children Project
15. The PACT Birth-to-Five Services Unit was created in Santa Clara, California to ensure that children under age two with developmental delays are referred to state early intervention programs.
16. Ensuring that children in foster care actually get the health and developmental services that they need is problematic because caseworkers and attorneys change, children move from placement to placement, and many programs are premised on active parental involvement.
17. In Suffolk County, New York, The Foster Care Project provides home visits by public health nurses twice a year to children age ____________ in foster care to ensure their health and well-being.
A. Birth to 9 years
B. Birth to 11 years
C. Birth to 13 years
D. Birth to 15 years
18. A computerized data system is in place in Utah's Child Welfare Agency to provide updated healthcare information to all involved parties, including foster parents.
19. The first line of defense for young children in foster care ought to be ensuring that they have access to high quality early care and:
A. Education programs
B. Counseling Services
C. Healthy social interactions
D. Reunification services
20. The Circle of Security is a bonding and attachment program program that was developed by mental health therapists and researchers to provide clinical supervision, home visits, and mental health consultations to parents and children in the foster care system.
21. A vital advocacy program that appoints volunteers to share information about foster care children and their families during the court process is known as:
22. Which of the following are NOT part of the newly issued federal regulations for ASFA?
A. States are held accountable for providing services to address the safety, permanency, and well-being of children and families
B. Familes must have enhanced capacity to provide for their children’s needs
C. Children must receive appropriate services to meet their educational, physical, and mental health needs
D. Judicial leaders must ensure that each child is fairly represented in court
23. Which of the following considerations are included in the Healthy Foster Care Checklist?
A. Has the child received a comprehensive health assessment since entering foster care?
B. Has the child received mental health screening?
C. Has the adolescent child received information about healthy development?
D. All of the above
24. In Dade County Florida, the PREVENT initiative evaluates children exposed to violence and maltreatment, and reports that nearly ___________ suffer from significantly delayed language and cognitive development.
A. 80 percent
B. 70 percent
C. 60 percent
D. 50 percent
25. Family Drug Treatment Courts have been created throughout the country to help parents with substance abuse issues, but in order to be involved, parents must admit to substance abuse and child neglect while consenting to treatment.
26. States and communities face two interrelated challenges of making sure that issues related to early development are addressed for every young child in foster care, and:
A. Improving the array of community resources and the service delivery system
B. Providing financial support at all levels of service
C. Design research strategies and programs to assist public agencies
D. None of the above
27. In the foster care court system, judges play a crucial role shaping community expectations, and in most cases, they can order needed services for foster care children attending court proceedings.
28. In order to help young children, court and child welfare workers must be aware of child development issues, know how to ensure access for the children for whom they bear responsibility, and:
A. Gather strategies to enhance the children's strengths
B. Coordinate care across agencies
C. Acquire appropriate community resources
D. None of the above
29. Those children who have not yet entered the foster care system, but are at risk to do so, need access to services to enhance their health and development and to address their complex needs.
30. Improving outcomes for young children in foster care can help achieve the goals this society wants for all its young children which include growing up in a loving home,safety,and:
A. Having their educational and socialneeds met
B. Ensuring that they develop to their full potential
C. Learning healthy coping and problem solving skills
D. Experiencing joy and happiness
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